The floor in the hallway is daily exposed to dirt, moisture, sand brought from the street, and sharp heels. In order for the coating to retain its neat appearance for a long time, it is not afraid of moisture, mechanical stress and detergents, they are very careful about its choice. Despite the abundance of options, the most popular is the tile, which, by its combination of properties, is an ideal coating in the conditions of the hallway, but not every tile will fit well. We will study the issue up and down and determine which tile to choose for finishing the floor in the hallway, what operational and decorative qualities it should have.
About the pros and cons
The main properties of tiles due to its wide distribution are familiar to many of us. It is an ideal material for a hallway, as it has the following advantages:
durability. It is worth spending once on the purchase and installation of the coating, and it will serve you for more than a dozen years, subject to normal care;
ease of care. Keeping the tiles clean is easy, you can use a lot of detergents, and dirt can even be wiped off with brushes;
wear resistance. Tiles don’t care about heels, sand, abrasive cleaners;
a wide selection of colors, patterns, formats, so there will be no difficulties in decorating the hallway in a particular color or style.
It is also better to know about cons in advance.
- Firstly, this is a cold material, so you are not particularly like barefoot in winter, but with the help of ordinary slippers this problem can be solved.
- Secondly, the tiles are fragile: if you drop something heavy, then there is a high probability that the material will be damaged.
If the entrance hall has impressive dimensions, then the tile floor can add excessive severity and resemble the lobby of a government institution. There are several ways out of the situation: use a combination of tiles with other finishing materials, or turn to warm, cozy colors.
What should be the performance?
Given the constant impact on the tiles in the hallway, it is necessary to select a material with high performance. It is better to evaluate the following parameters:
- wear resistance;
- resistance to chemical attack;
- coefficient of friction;
Wear and chemical resistance
According to international standards, floor tiles are divided into five classes in terms of wear resistance. Since the material in the hallway is exposed to sand, shoes, abrasive detergents, it is better to choose tiles belonging to the class from PEI-III to PEI-V. Finding such material is not difficult.
Tile care products often have a rather aggressive composition, so the indicator of resistance to chemicals becomes important when choosing. In order not to be limited in the range of effective means and not to be afraid to damage the tiles, it is better to choose a material with a resistance index of at least B, and tiles of class A or AA will have the highest performance.
When it rains outside, moisture gets on the tiles in the hallway, which inevitably increases the chances of slipping. A similar risk persists with wet cleaning. To reduce the risk of injury, you need to pay attention to tiles with a friction coefficient of at least 0.75.
The optimal choice for the hallway is tiles with a matte finish or anti-slip surface. It is better if the material has a relief, but a glossy surface is a taboo for hallways: it is slippery, and fades in places of increased loads. When choosing a rough tile, do not overdo it, otherwise dirt can accumulate in the grooves: it is difficult to remove it, and the appearance will deteriorate greatly. The relief should be shallow, otherwise it is better to choose dark shades, at least for the area near the front door.
Waterproof and hard
Of course, the tile itself has a low level of moisture absorption, as it is fired at high temperatures and has low porosity. Probably not worth explaining that water resistance in the case of a hallway should be at the highest level. For private houses this figure is 3%, for apartments in multi-storey buildings – 6%.
According to the level of hardness for the hallway, tiles with indicators of 6-7 points on the Mohs scale are suitable. Frost resistance in most cases can be neglected, because if the door is insulated according to all the rules, even near the threshold, the tiles will not freeze.
As for the size of the tiles, then it must be selected in accordance with the size of the hallway itself. A universal option is a square tile with sides of 30 cm. Do not forget about the existence of mosaics and tiles of non-standard shapes, for example, hexagonal. It is also worth keeping in mind that the seams are most susceptible to moisture, therefore, if possible, their number should be minimized, but do not get carried away: tiles with sides of 60 cm or more are inappropriate in a small standard hallway.
Ceramic tiles, porcelain stoneware or gold tiles?
When it comes to tiles, we usually mean ceramic tiles, as they are the most common on the market today. It is made from fired clay, and the result is a material that is excellent in terms of decorative and operational qualities. Among the disadvantages, as already mentioned, are fragility and a cold surface. There are also some other materials that have resulted from improvements to conventional ceramic tiles.
Quartz vinyl tiles are shock-resistant and the secret lies in the production method. Quartz sand, plasticizers, pigments, stabilizers and vinyl are used for the production. Sand provides a natural and durable finish, while vinyl provides flexibility, impact and wear resistance. Among the flowers, mostly natural shades.
Porcelain stoneware is something between tile and stone, and the material combines their advantages, being devoid of many disadvantages. It is made from clay, crushed granite, feldspar or quartz under high temperature and pressure. The material is dyed in bulk, which is an additional plus. The only negative is the high price.
“Gold” tiles are an innovation that are rapidly conquering the domestic market. The name speaks not of a metallic sheen, but of amazing performance properties. The material is made only in South Korea, but it is a multilayer structure: compacted PVC, stone granules mixed with resin, fiberglass, a film with a pattern and two protective transparent layers. Therefore, such a tile can imitate any material.
Choosing the color and pattern of the tiles, each is based on their own tastes and the chosen color scheme of the hallway. When planning a renovation and thinking about the design of a room, it is worth considering in advance what the tile should be. Designers recommend listening to some advice that has already become axioms.
Light tiles are suitable for small hallways, as dark shades visually limit and reduce the space. However, it is better to discard snow-white and too light shades right away – they are too easily soiled. Peach, apricot, blue, pale blue, light green, for example, can be safely used. It is worth considering that cold shades work better to expand the space, but warm ones give home comfort. There are tiles that perfectly imitate other materials, such as stone or even wood. The latter option is ideal for creating coziness in the hallway, typical of a wooden floor.
For spacious hallways, you can use tiles of any color, but you should not go into too dark shades. Remember that scratches will be visible on black, dark brown, dark blue tiles and the like. A great move for small hallways is diagonal tiling. You can use contrasting shades and lay them out in a checkerboard pattern. The color of the grout depends on the color of the tile, but it is better to choose the darkest option – it will be less easily soiled.
The patterns are also selected taking into account the design of the hallway, the color of the walls and ceiling. A win-win option is plain tiles, but the patterned coating in most cases makes the interior more expensive. The choice of patterns on the tiles, without exaggeration, is huge. If the hallway is decorated in a classic style, then you can choose marble-like tiles, for an Art Nouveau interior you can use tiles of two colors.
Choosing tiles of the same size, style, but different colors or with different patterns is a great option for decorating the hallway. The floor will seem to be sewn from different pieces of fabric. When laying, you can adhere to some order or, conversely, use different patterns and colors randomly.
You can use tiles of different sizes and shapes. For example, lay out the central part of the hallway with a beautiful panel, the edging for which will be a mosaic. In general, there are a lot of options for different laying of tiles: you can combine materials as you like, and if you add the existence of tiles of hexagonal, triangular and other shapes, then there are an unlimited number of interesting ways to decorate the hallway.
Combining tiles with other materials
The tile goes well with many other finishing materials, incl. parquet and laminate. Thanks to this combination, you can perfectly zone the hallway space, highlighting the area where the shoes are removed and the area where guests are welcomed. Moreover, this is a good solution for those who consider tiles to be insufficiently cozy material: as a base, you can use a laminate that is less resistant to impact, and lay out the area at the threshold with tiles.
For owners of long hallways, the combination of two materials becomes actually a necessity, because then the space can be divided into functional zones, and it will be possible to get rid of the monotony and severity of the tile.
You can combine tiles with a material that matches in color and style, but clearly differs in appearance. Only then will the division of the hallway into zones be obvious, and households and guests will see where it is not worth going in street shoes.
The boundary between two materials can be straight, diagonal, or wavy. The last two options are more difficult, as they require careful calculation before cutting the materials. Straight and curved lines look beautiful in their own way. You can even use an elevation to highlight the area near the door, but the height of such a mini-podium should not exceed 3 cm so as not to cause injuries.
Tiles are considered ideal for decorating the floor in the hallway. In addition to excellent performance, the material also has a high decorative effect, and the number of possible options for combining tiles, ways of laying them out and combining with other materials allows you to decorate the hallway in an original way. It remains only to turn on imagination and not forget about the operational properties.