Do I need to fix the laminate on a wall?
This question will undoubtedly arise for a person who for the first time learned about this finish option. Laminate has long established itself as an excellent decorative finishing material for floors, durable and practical in use.
Laminate can be used to finish floors and walls in almost any room in an apartment or private house.
Laminate panels are increasingly being used for wall decoration, thereby displacing traditional finishing materials such as wall paneling, MDF panels or conventional wall panels.
Benefits of using laminate for wall decoration
- European, as well as domestic manufacturers, launch on the market an environmentally friendly product that meets all modern safety requirements, so it is quite possible to sheathe walls with laminate.
- If you decide to use laminate flooring for the walls, then be sure that this material is durable, and if you follow the operating rules, it will last for more than a dozen years.
- Using laminated panels of low class 21-31, you can save a lot. After all, such panels are inexpensive, but they are designed for use as a floor covering, and they will not be demolished on the wall.
The variety of textures and colors of this material provide a wide field of activity for designers when decorating premises.
- Do-it-yourself work on mounting a laminate on a wall is a simple task if you carefully read all the tips indicated in the article and follow them. Even a beginner will be able to independently carry out repair work.
Disadvantages of laminate when decorating walls
The first disadvantage of laminate flooring as a wall decoration material is its susceptibility to moisture, which can cause the material to swell and lead to cracking of the outer decorative surface of the laminated panels.
Another disadvantage is sensitivity to temperature fluctuations, especially high temperatures, which can spoil the attractive appearance of laminated panels.
Therefore, you should not install laminate flooring on the wall of the kitchen or bathroom, as there is high humidity and frequent temperature changes in these rooms. Laminate on the wall of a balcony, basement or loggia is also not the best solution.
The microclimate of these premises will be harmful to laminated panels and will destroy even the most high-quality and durable laminate flooring. For finishing these premises, it is better to use traditional materials, such as lining or MDF panels.
Which laminate to choose for wall decoration
Adhesive laminate. This system does not have locks for fastening the panels to each other, so fixing is done with glue. How do you glue a laminate on a wall, you ask? On the end and back of the laminated board, building glue, for example, silicone-based or so-called “liquid nails”, is applied and pressed against the wall.
Next, the next panel is laid and all the others in the same order. The glue that comes out through the joints should be immediately removed with a cloth dipped in a solution of water and vinegar. Adhesive laminate has a small contact area with the surface on which to creep, so it is rarely used when laying on a batten.
Sheet pile laminate. This type of laminated flooring has a tongue-and-groove fastening, which does not need to be glued, which allows you to get neat and dry joints.
When installing this type of coating, the strips of panels are fixed in the groove of the tongue with small nails or staples. It should be noted that the fastening takes place on a wooden or special metal crate. The sheet pile option is suitable for cladding walls, floors and ceilings.
Click-through laminate. This option has an improved tongue-and-groove system, which is a convenient lock for connecting panels to each other. When laying laminated boards with a click lock, the material is tilted perpendicularly to another panel by 20 degrees, then the panel is inserted into the lock grooves and easily snaps into place.
The click-through decorative laminate can be attached to the wall to the wooden lathing with glue. This laminate has increased strength and resistance to deformation.
Price and strength class
To mount a laminate on a wall, first of all, you should choose a laminate in color and texture that will be used in the interior of the room. In most cases, one of the most important factors is the cost of the finishing material. True, one should not always save on this, since the quality of laminated panels directly depends on their price.
When cladding walls with laminate, you can use a low grade 21-31 material, and not 33-34 (increased strength), which are used where high abrasion resistance of the coating is required. After all, laminate walls in the interior will not be exposed to high loads, since they will mainly perform only a decorative function.
Therefore, by choosing an inexpensive finishing material for walls made of laminated boards, you can significantly reduce the repair budget and at the same time get a beautiful room design.
You can buy a laminate for walls inexpensively, but you should still take into account factors that can affect the performance of the facing material, for example, it can be animals or children.
Let’s summarize the criteria for choosing a laminate for walls:
- Take into account the intensity of the load that will be carried out during operation on the laminated flooring, therefore the quality of the coating is very important. If you have a pet that can damage the surface of a laminate wall with its claws, then you should not choose an inexpensive option that has low resistance to physical influences.
- Another important parameter is the appearance, that is, a design with a laminate on the wall should first of all please the eyes and bring aesthetic pleasure to the owner. The modern construction market is replete with finishing laminated materials of various colors and textures. You can choose from a variety of options that imitate different types of wood or even stone without any problems.
- The next parameter refers to the way the laminate is mounted on the wall. One of which consists in fixing laminated panels to a batten of wood or metal battens. It is also possible to glue laminated boards directly onto the wall. But the surface should be as flat as possible.
How to lay laminate on the wall with your own hands?
Laminate installation methods: glue or lathing?
In the case of the adhesive method of fastening the laminate to the wall, careful preparation of the surface should be carried out, since irregularities will have unpleasant consequences during operation. Firstly, this is not an aesthetic appearance of the wall, when the gaps of some laminated panels will protrude due to unevenness. Secondly, the cost of preparing the walls can cost a lot of money, which is not very good for budget conscious people who are used to counting their money.
The adhesive method is quite simple to implement and does not require special knowledge, which will allow you to install the laminate yourself. How to glue it on the wall, and what nuances may arise during the work, we will tell you further? You can glue any type of laminated boards, and panels with a lock or without a lock at all.
The creation of a crate for laying laminated panels will be more profitable in the sense that you do not need to level the wall, that is, plastering or installation of drywall to create a flat surface is not required. The lathing will allow you to insulate the wall with appropriate materials and carry out additional noise insulation. Some manufacturers, aware of the growing popularity of wall decoration with laminated panels, offer special fastening systems to quickly create a convenient lathing.
What tools are required to self-mount the laminate on the wall?
- In addition to a small hammer and a level to check the surface for bevel, you will need such simple tools as a square, ruler, tape measure, pencil.
- You will also need a hacksaw for wood, metal, or, better, an electric jigsaw, which will greatly speed up and facilitate the work.
- You will need a special wooden block (boss) for tamping laminated boards and spacer wedges designed to set gaps between the laminate and the ceiling-floor of the room.
For a visual acquaintance with the process of laying laminate on the wall, a video (at the end of the article) with the stages of work will help you better understand the entire course of the repair. For a person who decided to carry out cladding with laminated panels on their own, viewing the training information is simply necessary, as it will prevent many mistakes and wrong actions.
We mount the laminate on the wall with our own hands
Stages of work:
We calculate the amount of laminate. Everything is quite simple here, because the amount of material required is calculated using a simple formula – the height is multiplied by the width and the total area is obtained. In this case, about 10% should be added additionally for fitting and cutting the material.
We prepare the wall surface for laying the laminate. The glue method requires a dry, clean and even wall, so you will need to clean and level the surface well.
When creating a frame for a laminate, you will need to create a lathing of wood or metal. To create a wooden frame, you need slats 20-40 mm wide, which are attached with self-tapping screws to the wall at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. The slats are installed perpendicular to the direction of the laminated board panels. The metal frame is made of strips designed to create plasterboard floors. Or you can use special systems that manufacturers offer for fixing laminate to the wall.
Choosing a starting point. When covering the entire surface or only the upper part of the wall, start installing the laminate on the wall from above. You will need to mark a distance of one board from the ceiling and start facing from this border. It doesn’t matter what position of the panels will be used – horizontal, vertical or diagonal. If you want to sheathe only the lower part of the wall, you should accordingly start from the floor and follow the same steps.
We mount the laminate on the wall. When gluing the laminate to the wall, the material is treated with an adhesive. It can be silicone-based liquid nails, as well as special glue for laminated panels. Next, the board is pressed against the wall and fixed. This is repeated with all panels. In this case, you can grease the fastening lock of the laminate boards with glue for better strength.
When creating the lathing, the panels are fastened using special brackets (cleats) or nails. This method of fastening is also used when working with clapboard or MDF panels. Kleimers can prevent the grooves of the laminate lock from sliding into place. Just trim the attachment points so that the grooves snap into place.
We install skirting boards. Corner spots, as well as the joints of the floor or wall after installing the laminate on the wall, require fixing the baseboards and corners. This will create a finished look to the interior. Many options for various corners and skirting boards presented in building supermarkets at the present time will allow you to choose what you need.