Toilet for disabled and elderly people: 3 tips for choosing

6 min

It can be difficult for people with disabilities, recently injured and operated patients, old people even to get to the toilet. To ensure the satisfaction of natural needs, ships and ducks were widely used in the past. They are still used if a person is completely immobile or is in a very serious condition. In all other cases, there are much more convenient and aesthetic devices – special toilets for the disabled and the elderly. They have a well thought-out design to make life easier for both the disabled / old / operated person and the one who cares for him.

What kind of toilets are there for the disabled?

Despite the fact that the design of a toilet for the disabled is simple and not particularly complicated, several types of similar products can be found on sale. They differ in the degree of mobility, the presence of a folding mechanism, the way of collecting waste, etc. Interestingly, the toilet chair was only patented in 1994. Since then, the primitive design has received a lot of options to provide maximum comfort for a person with a disability.

Consider the main types of toilets for the disabled. Some of them are suitable for people who can move by themselves, while others can use even the most weakened.

  1. Support frame. The structure consists of a sturdy metal frame with armrests, seat and cover. Installed in a toilet above a conventional toilet. Thanks to the support frame, it will be much easier to sit down and get up, as it is installed much higher than the toilet itself. The design is suitable for people who can get to the toilet themselves, but have some difficulty using a regular toilet. As a rule, the support frames are equipped with casters so that the structure can be rolled away. Naturally, the casters must have a stopper for the structure to be reliable and stable. It is highly desirable to be able to adjust the height of the legs – you can adjust the frame to suit any user.

For even more mobile and independent patients, only handrails can be placed on both sides of the toilet. They are firmly mounted on the floor and / or walls, but in the smallest bathrooms they will be problematic to use.

  1. Toilet nozzle. This design is similar to the previous one, only it does not rest on the floor, but directly on the toilet itself, due to which more compact dimensions are achieved. Its main task is to make the seat slightly higher, making the toilet easier to use. The seat of the attachment can be soft, have handles, height adjustment – all this increases the level of comfort. The carrying capacity of most products does not exceed 100 kg.

  2. Stationary toilet chair. Initially, these began to be used in hospitals. The device makes life much easier for people with disabilities, because it does not require a trip to the restroom. Now such designs are used in residential apartments. The chair, as a rule, is equipped with a removable bucket, in more advanced modifications there can be a dry closet. If the motor ability is preserved, the most common model will do. If a chair is chosen for a bed patient, it is better to take a structure with folding armrests. This will make it easier for the family and / or caregiver to care for the patient.

  3. Folding toilet chair. A good alternative to a regular chair as it takes up much less space when folded, making storage easier. Of course, this option is more suitable for those sick and elderly people with whom a relative or a person who can help is constantly there.

  4. Toilet chair on wheels. Thanks to the presence of wheels, the issue of moving both the chair itself and the elderly / disabled person in it is greatly simplified. The biggest advantage is the ability to take a person straight to the shower without the need for a transplant. The stopper on wheels allows you to fix the chair motionlessly and turn it into a regular stationary one.

  5. The toilet can also be built into a wheelchair. This is a multifunctional product that, if necessary, can be transformed into an ordinary wheelchair.

By the way, all toilet chairs can be used as a bathing chair.

Design features

When choosing a toilet for a disabled person, it is worth taking into account such points as the person’s weight and height, gender, physical activity, etc. The nuances of the design will depend on this. First of all, pay attention to the following features:

  • the distance between the handrails is chosen depending on the physique of the disabled person. For a non-obese figure, standard models are suitable; for overweight people, special chairs with increased dimensions are produced;

  • carrying capacity correlates with seat size. If standard models can withstand up to 120 kg, then reinforced ones can withstand up to 150-200 kg. They are distinguished by a sturdier design, therefore they are absolutely safe even when used by very overweight people;

    Toilet chair for overweight people

  • Telescopic legs are available in almost all models, with the exception of the most budgetary designs. Such a device allows you to adjust the seat height strictly for a specific person, and when it comes to the disabled and the elderly, this is very important. Correct height is when the legs are bent at the knees at an angle of 90 degrees while sitting;

  • the shape of the sanitary slot is selected depending on the gender of the disabled person. For women, the traditional round is more suitable, for men – the horseshoe-shaped;

  • type of waste collection. Waste in most chairs is collected in a removable bucket. The operation of such a design is quite simple. It will be much more convenient to use a dry closet. It also integrates into the toilet seat’s sanitary slot, but minimizes unpleasant odors and reduces the frequency of emptying the container. A tank with water for flushing is definitely included in the design. The flushing pump can be mechanical or electrical. Depending on how the waste will be processed, dry closets are electrical, chemical and peat. All systems provide for the separation of waste into liquid and solid. In an electrical system, solid waste is dried up by supplying warm air, in a peat system it decomposes under the action of peat, and in a chemical system it also decomposes, but under the influence of chemically active substances. Liquid waste is discharged with a hose into the sewer, and the accumulated solid waste is disposed of in a special way. It is better to use special toilet paper together with a dry closet. Convenient if the design is equipped with an indicator that shows the degree of filling the container;

    Chair with dry closet

  • the folding handles have already been mentioned. Their presence greatly facilitates the movement of a lying patient from bed to toilet and back;

  • we also remembered wheels many times. Thanks to them, the chair can be easily moved to the bathroom.

What else is important to consider?

Before buying, it is worth analyzing not only the characteristics of the person who will use the toilet (his capabilities, age, weight, gender, etc.), but also the nuances of the space where the structure will be used. Consider where the toilet will be located, whether folding is necessary, whether you need wheels, etc. Consider whether the disabled person will be able to use the toilet on their own, or if they need constant help.

Take a close look around the bed and toilet. There should be no sharp corners and sharp drops in floor level.

Before starting use, carefully make sure that the chair is as stable as possible, that you can transfer to it from the bed, lean on it. Also check how comfortable it is for the patient to use the structure.

You should be equally careful with the operation of the toilet. If it is equipped with a regular container, then it is better to empty it after each bowel movement. Antibacterial agents are used for washing. It is also important to keep the toilet seat clean.

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Passionate about DIY for over 10 years and all the new tools, I give you through this blog all my advice, tips, tests in all areas: carpentry, electricity, masonry, gardening, home automation ...


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