If among all the wallpapers you need to choose the most comfortable and luxurious ones, then textile ones come to mind right away, or, as they are also called, fabric ones. This coating has its own history, because in the times of classicism, baroque and empire, the walls in the houses of wealthy people were decorated with fabric. Time has passed, now fabric has been replaced by fabric wallpaper, but this pleasure is still not the cheapest, although affordable for many.
Textile wallpapers are suitable for almost any type of interior, but look best with upholstered furniture and carpets, making the room very cozy. Such wallpapers are made on the basis of fabric or flesilin, but any fabric can be used, incl. natural and synthetic.
The technology for the production of textile wallpaper is somewhat complicated, so they are made mainly in Europe. First, a textile fabric is prepared, then a base is glued to it, and then all this is dried in chambers with infrared radiation. There is also a technology according to which threads are attached to the base, and not a solid canvas. In any case, when you attach wallpaper to the wall, you get the effect of upholstery with fabric.
Advantages and disadvantages
Let’s start with the benefits. This is a high aesthetics, which is explained not only by the special surface, but also by the fact that the joints between the canvases of such wallpapers are practically invisible – among all types of wallpaper, they are the least noticeable here. The naturalness of this material cannot be ignored, so the risk of allergies or the accumulation of harmful substances in the apartment is minimized. And since the wallpaper is natural, it breathes, so excess moisture and mold will never accumulate in the room.
The very properties of the fabric determine that the coating turns out to be noise-insulating and heat-insulating, which will save rooms that are not adjacent to others, and also perfectly in urban apartments. In addition, some types of wallpaper have other useful properties, for example, linen – have a bactericidal effect. Well, there is no need to talk about the variety of different colors and patterns – there are a lot of them.
As for the shortcomings, it is immediately worth noting the high price. And since this wallpaper is, in fact, a fabric, then they will attract dust too, the only exception will be linen wallpaper, which is characterized by antistatic impregnation. In addition, the more natural threads in a material, the faster it fade in the sun and has an uneven color. These wallpapers require only dry, very careful cleaning. And one more nuance – when gluing, you need to be extremely careful so that the glue does not get on the wallpaper.
Types of textile wallpaper
Depending on what kind of fabric was used in the production of textile wallpaper, several classes are distinguished. So, let’s consider the characteristics of the main ones.
This is a classic among textile wallpaper option, and the most inexpensive. The finished surface is obtained by lamination with mixed threads. The result is a surface with sometimes slightly different shades of threads, but this gives it a natural look and the effect that the walls are covered with fabric.
Linen wallpapers have good performance properties: a high degree of heat and sound insulation, imperviousness to sunlight, and a lower ability to attract dust compared to others. They are great for children’s rooms, offices and other rooms with normal humidity levels.
Despite the name, there is only a part of silk in silk wallpaper, the rest is viscose, which can significantly reduce the cost of the material. The finished surface is, frankly speaking, luxurious. Such wallpapers are widely used in bedrooms, offices, made in Provence or Empire style.
As for the properties, they all remain the same as the general properties for textile wallpapers.
Jute is an Indian plant that is used to make fabric and rope, it is characteristic in appearance, with a wonderful texture. So the wallpaper is obtained with a pronounced texture, and they can easily hide small flaws in the walls, and some types can also be painted in the desired color.
Jute wallpapers are not the most demanding and difficult to care for among all textile ones, so they won’t cause serious problems. Such material will perfectly complement the interior in country or eco style, besides, it does not fade and is distinguished by good wear resistance.
One of the most preferred types of textile wallpaper in terms of characteristics: they practically do not fade, they keep sound and heat well. They are made by applying felt or its synthetic analogue to a paper base – most often, it is propylene. Of course, if you use unnatural material, then environmental friendliness decreases, but the price becomes more acceptable, and it will also be easier to care for – such wallpaper can even be washed, for example, with a washing vacuum cleaner.
In any case, felt wallpaper looks dignified on the wall – a feeling of being drawn into a single piece of fabric. In general, outwardly felt wallpapers very much resemble velor, but since they strongly collect odors on themselves, they are suitable for rooms that are devoid of them: a bedroom, a living room, etc.
The production of velor wallpaper is one of the most technologically advanced. Here, the paper base is first coated with polyvinyl chloride paint, on which a pattern of special adhesive paint is applied. And while all this is not dry, the canvas passes through a special installation that sprays particles of textiles, and they, due to the characteristic electrostatic attraction of this material, settle on the base in a vertical position. Then the resulting canvas is dried and a material is obtained that completely imitates expensive fabrics, resembling tapestry, velvet, etc.
The result is a very beautiful and unusual, especially under lighting, coating, which, by the way, does not have a particularly low price. The stunning appearance of velor wallpaper, unfortunately, is not supported by the same excellent performance properties: they are very poorly protected from the influence of mechanical influences, and their care is quite problematic. Therefore, it is better to use them only in the bedroom, and then subject to very careful care, otherwise they will soon lose all their external data.
The difference between wallpaper on a synthetic basis from the others listed above is that it uses paralon as a base, therefore a high level of sound and heat insulation is provided. In addition, to the touch such material is not only soft, but also elastic, and at a price much lower than everything that was considered before.
But still, the main advantage of such wallpapers is that you do not need to thoroughly prepare the surface, since due to their thickness they hide irregularities and even some curvature of the walls.
Jacquard wallpaper is a whole class of textile wallpaper, numbering about 250 items. Their height is quite non-standard – about 270 cm, which allows you to literally wrap the whole room in fabric in several steps, and this will reduce the number of seams to a minimum. In addition, in the production of jacquard wallpaper, a special base is used, which does not allow the glue to soak, pass into the wallpaper layer and spoil the pattern.
Wallpaper “Japanese grass”
The most unusual textile wallpaper, which is obtained by gluing fiberglass threads on a paper base. Sometimes sage is used instead of fiberglass, so the production is rather complicated, the material is expensive, and the circle of its potential buyers is small.
In addition, if in linen wallpaper a slightly different shade can be found in different canvases, then there may be differences in one roll – this is not a defect, but if this is annoying, then you just need to adjust and combine some parts with others.
As for their gluing, it is rather complicated, and in this case it is certainly better to entrust it to specialists, since the canvases are very thin and difficult to work with. By the way, thin canvases will not hide surface imperfections, so it should be perfect.
How to glue textile wallpaper?
The process of gluing textile wallpaper is not so much complicated as painstaking and responsible. Naturally, it is easier to work if they are made not on paper, but on a non-woven base – then they are stronger, and the glue is applied to the wall, so there are not so many chances of it getting on the wallpaper itself. Of course, it would be nice to entrust the whole process to specialists, even if you have some experience in gluing paper wallpaper. But if you still want to try your hand and there is confidence in this, then read on.
wallpaper of a certain type and color;
- a plumb line and a pencil to mark lines on the wall to evenly glue the wallpaper;
- fine-bristled roller for applying glue;
- rubber roller for smoothing the surface.
No matter how visually leveled the surface of some types of wallpaper, you still need to work hard on its preparation. Naturally, all traces and remnants of past finishing materials must be completely removed: paints, plaster, wallpaper, etc. All cracks on the walls need to be putty, and the walls level if necessary. It should be noted separately that there should not be any “Gossamer” mesh – it can manifest itself through some types of textile wallpaper.
The leveled surface must be primed with a deep penetration primer. Some people advise using the same glue that will stick the wallpaper in the end. After all this, the surface should dry well. It is recommended to glue textile wallpaper at a room temperature of 18-25 degrees, an air humidity of 40% and a surface humidity of 8%.
As for the glue, recommendations on which glue to use should be given on each package of textile wallpaper. But if this is not the case, then you can buy one that is designed for textile or vinyl wallpaper.
The gluing process
Although gluing textile and paper wallpapers has some common features, there are still some features that must be taken into account. Previously, it is better to use a plumb line to apply vertical lines to the walls every 1-1.5 meters, so that it is more convenient to navigate. Textile wallpaper must be glued end-to-end, and with a properly carried out process, the seams are practically invisible.
It is better to cut a roll of textile wallpaper with scissors – a knife is inappropriate here. It is advisable to immediately prepare segments for yourself on at least one wall, attach them in order to check for the compatibility of color, texture and pattern, and then number the resulting segments.
If wallpaper on a non-woven base is selected, then the previously prepared glue is applied only to the surface of the wall, and approximately as much as corresponds to the width of the strip. In this case, the adhesive is recommended to be applied with a special roller with fine pile. If paper wallpaper is selected, then glue is recommended to be applied both to them and to the wall, and after applying the glue to the wallpaper, you need to wait and let them saturate for 5 minutes, but not more, otherwise they may turn sour – this is a very important point.
It is better to start gluing from top to bottom, and smooth it with a hard rubber roller: tools such as plastic spatulas can squeeze out too much glue, which can stain the canvas, and the drawing can also be damaged with such a hard tool. Smoothing the surface with rags and hands is also not worth it. Moreover, the smoothing movements of the puddle should also be carried out from top to bottom, and not from the center to the edges – this is a feature of textile wallpaper.
Although gluing textile wallpaper is somewhat more difficult, for example, paper, but still the finished effect will definitely please, because a very beautiful and unusual coating that will immediately highlight the room and emphasize the taste of the owners. But in order for the coating to remain beautiful for a long time, you need to take care of it regularly. As necessary, the wallpaper is cleaned with a vacuum cleaner, a soft brush or treated with a cloth impregnated against dust absorption. The vacuum cleaner is recommended to be used twice a year.
If a stain has formed on the wall, then while it is fresh, you can try to soak it with a slightly damp cloth, sometimes even with soapy water, then dry it with white paper and a hairdryer, but you cannot rub the surface. It is easier to remove old stains by re-gluing a section of wallpaper.