Setting up the chimney: what type is possible, how is it heated and what should be taken into account?

5 min

Putting up the fireplace: tips and what to look out for.

A new fireplace does not necessarily have to lead to extensive opening work at home. Even in tenement houses there are often fume cupboards that can be used for an extractor hood in the kitchen or a fireplace. As a tenant, the installation of an open or closed fireplace must always be discussed with the landlord and, in some cases, with the property management.

As the owner, the owners’ meeting can speak out against the installation of a chimney, as improper craftsmanship may damage the entire building. Anyone who has a good craft company for fireplaces at hand has a few good arguments against any objections. About this New yellow pages brokerage service tenants, landlords and owners can quickly find a specialist company near the property in question in which a fireplace is to be installed.

Emission-free electric fireplace: This heat source does not need a chimney hood!

The easiest way is to set up a fireplace that works with electricity. The fire is then simulated by energy-saving LEDs or a brightly colored piece of fabric can be set in motion by a variable draft in the electric fireplace so that it looks like a real flame at first glance. The installation of an electric fireplace is very easy and does not have to be applied for or approved anywhere. Nevertheless, there are a few points that you should definitely pay attention to if you want to set up an electric fireplace:

Especially when an e-fireplace is ordered cheaply from the Far East on the Internet, an unfinished fireplace kit usually arrives with assembly instructions that are sometimes difficult to understand. The instructions are often only in English, not even taking into account the correct names for the components – not to mention spelling and grammar. When installing such a kit, real DIY skills are required in order to be able to put the new fireplace into operation quickly.


If you want to be on the safe side with the new electric fireplace, you prefer to order a slightly more expensive model (in the sense of a higher quality fireplace), the one from the German Testing authorities such as TÜV or DEKRA found to be good and suitable. Consumer advocates criticize that electronic heating and fire systems and electrical appliances from Asia can often pose an increased risk of fire.

How much space does my open or closed fireplace need in the room?

A stove with a real fire emits a high level of heat radiation in the immediate vicinity. It is also very pleasant to snuggle up in the evening in front of the new fireplace on a comfortable sofa or a chic fireside chair. For sensitive furniture made of real wood, however, it can quickly get too hot near an open or closed fireplace. Candles and other delicate decorative objects should be placed in the immediate vicinity at most in the summer when the fireplace is not in use. In addition to the dimensions for the new fireplace, you should have one Safety distance of at least one meter comply in all directions. This distance and the space required should also be taken into account when planning and before installing the fireplace. If sparks accidentally fly out of the open fireplace and a cuddly soft carpet made of synthetic fibers is too close to the open fireplace, it can quickly lead to an uncontrollable fireplace room fire.

Safety instructions for handling open flames in closed rooms

If you want to heat your home with an open fire, it is best to keep a handy fire extinguisher in a protected corner of the same room. For extinguishing after flying sparks is a Class A fire extinguishers absolutely sufficient, which is used for flammable solid substances. You would get the fireplace yourself with one Fire extinguishers of fire class C extinguish, as this can also be used against flammable gases, which arise in the fireplace itself and escape through the flue.

For grease fires in the kitchen or other flammable liquids, a Class B fire extinguishers needed. There are fire extinguishers that are filled with water, foam, a powder filling or a CO2 gas mixture. Fire extinguishers for special applications are not required when operating open chimneys, but can provide quick help in an emergency and protect against major damage in the do-it-yourself workshop.

In case of fire: keep calm!

If an apartment fire actually occurs, the top motto is: keep calm! If you or your loved ones panic, the fire can spread much faster than if one worked carefully and deliberately in this crisis situation.

Heating with something in the fireplace?

Wood is considered to be one of the most environmentally friendly heating fuels if you keep a few points in mind Federal Environment Agency lists here. Dried wood, which is usually ordered from specialist retailers, can be burned in open and closed chimneys. From the Heating with self-collected wood is not advisable, as this usually does not have the necessary burn time. Wood that is too damp creates a lot of sparks, which then escape through the chimney and even out of the chimney on the roof. This is not only a danger for the property, strong flying sparks can quickly spread to neighboring properties and must therefore be avoided at all costs. So if you want to set up a real fireplace to heat with self-collected wood, think twice.

If the firewood is stored outside in front of the house, a certain amount of moisture cannot be avoided even with a roof. If the logs are dried in front of the fireplace for a while before burning, the dangerous flying sparks can easily be avoided. This is particularly strong when freshly cut or recently felled wood is burned. A closed fireplace can also be operated with heating charcoal, but this does not lead to the visually appealing flames inside. Coal burns longer than wood, but does not create the pretty effects that make a fireplace.

New trend for everyone who has a lot of space in the garden or on the terrace: outdoor fireplaces invite you to linger outdoors.

New trend for everyone who has a lot of space in the garden or on the terrace: outdoor fireplaces invite you to linger outdoors.

The fireplace on the terrace or in the garden

There are types of fireplace that are also suitable for heating outdoor areas. These are closed all around, because otherwise the flames in the chimney could quickly get out of control if there is wind. An outdoor fireplace can be operated well with gas and can then be easily adjusted to the desired intensity. Setting up and operating outdoor fireplaces is relatively easy. But here, too, there are a few things to consider:

At the top, the chimney hood should be free in any case, so that a gas fireplace is not necessarily equally suitable for every terrace. If a fireplace is to provide cozy warmth outside, although there are awnings to protect against prying eyes, or if the fireplace is to be placed under a canopy, it is best to use an electric outdoor fireplace. In this way you protect the awning fabric and canopy from damage and fire hazards.

If the fireplace set up outside is not in use, it can still be left outside as long as direct weather-related moisture exposure is excluded. For protection, the electric fireplace can be stored in the garden shed when not in use, for example, or the smart do-it-yourselfer simply builds a small lockable shelter that reliably protects the patio fireplace from wind and weather.

Photo credits: © rh2010 –, © Jill Clardy – (sorted chronologically or according to the order of the images used in the buying guide)


Passionate about DIY for over 10 years and all the new tools, I give you through this blog all my advice, tips, tests in all areas: carpentry, electricity, masonry, gardening, home automation ...


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