It’s the height of autumn, which means it’s time to think about efficiently heating your home. Over the past few years, one of the most ergonomic solutions in heating systems is underfloor heating. The specialists of the Avarit company presented the infrared warm floors of their LamiPol® brand, gave recommendations on its installation and operation, and also compared them with other available solutions.
Types of electric underfloor heating
Modern underfloor heating can be divided into those that work on the basis of a heating cable, and those based on infrared radiation.
Cable underfloor heating
Cable underfloor heating, in turn, can be divided into two types:
- Floors based on self-regulating cables. They are used when there is no final interior solution, since they do not depend on the layout of the room, its zoning or the placement of furniture. One of the most expensive but also the most reliable solutions on the market. The main property of a self-regulating cable is the ability to raise and lower the temperature depending on the ambient temperature (air temperature in the manned room).
- Resistive cable floors. The option is cheaper than the previous one, but with its own technical nuances. Resistive cable is afraid of deformations (burns out), arising, for example, when furniture is moved around the room, therefore, increased requirements are imposed on its installation (additional screed for “wet” installation or a protective layer between the floor covering and the cable in the form of plywood or chipboard when Dry installation).
The main disadvantages of underfloor heating based on a heating cable: the high cost of consumables and components, complex installation and dimensions (floors significantly increase the thickness of the floor due to the massive assembly pie). In addition, such systems do not have a very high heating rate and fail if any section of the cable is damaged. In fairness, it should be noted that with proper use, such a floor can last 20-30 years or even more.
Infrared underfloor heating
A more “advanced”, modern and unpretentious solution is an infrared heated floor. Avarit today offers customers three main options for such floors:
- Infrared heating cloth “LamiPol®”.
- Infrared “striped” film.
- Infrared self-adjusting film.
The most budgetary option is infrared “striped” film. She, like other types of infrared film floors, is not afraid of moisture, is environmentally friendly, heats up quickly, does not “take” the thickness of the floor, and remains operational in case of damage to the local area. At the same time, such a film does not know how to self-regulate the temperature, it is afraid of thermal locking and mechanical influences, it has cold zones, and is not distinguished by the most reliable way of connecting to the network (crocodile clips).
Infrared self-regulating film has the best characteristics. Unlike “striped” film, it is not afraid of thermal locking, therefore, with careful use, it can last longer. Some brands offer up to 50 years warranty on their films.
The undoubted leader in this category of underfloor heating is the infrared heating cloth “LamiPol®”.
Infrared floor for dry installation under laminate, parquet, linoleum or carpet, “LamiPol®” differs from similar products in higher strength and heat resistance. The technologies used in the manufacture of this heating sheet are the same as those used since 1976 in the space industry. Such coatings are used in space suits and covers to maintain the optimal temperature for spacecraft.
The mechanical strength of the warm floor is given by a fiberglass base, into which heating self-regulating polyamide threads are woven. The feature of self-regulation is that the system does not allow overheating and adapts to the ambient temperature. The maximum heating temperature of LamiPol® is only 38 degrees Celsius – eliminates the risk of overheating during thermal locking, from which other infrared floors suffer when, for example, furniture, pillows or blankets are placed on the heated surface.
The system is economical. The efficient heating of one square meter requires only 160 watts of electricity. This allows the use of LamiPol® even where there are consumption restrictions.
Some people fear that infrared underfloor heating is harmful from an environmental point of view. This is not true. The electromagnetic radiation of floors is a hundred times lower than that of modern televisions – their effect on people and animals is so small that it can be neglected.
LamiPol® is very easy to install and due to its minimal thickness it practically does not take up space from the room. The canvas can be mounted in rooms of any shape. The manufacturer offers two configuration options: sets of coverage and equipment of a fixed area and a canvas of the required area, complete with the necessary electrical equipment.
Another important feature of LamiPol® infrared floors is heat-shrinkable solder sleeves for connecting to the electrical network, which, unlike traditional crocodiles, provide a more reliable and durable connection.
The Avarit group of companies specializes in the supply of heating cables, underfloor heating and anti-icing systems and has been operating since 2010. Heating systems presented in the company’s catalog are manufactured in the USA, Denmark, Germany, Norway, South Korea and Russia.
In addition to the distribution of Avarit under the LamiPol® brand, it produces its own line of infrared warm floors.
The range of services offered by Avarit LLC includes the sale, design and installation of heating systems of any complexity: from civil to industrial facilities.
The article was written for the remstroiblog.ru site.