Non-woven wallpaper is one of the most popular decoration materials for walls today. All this is due to the huge assortment of such wallpapers and their advantages, because, among other things, they can even be painted and repainted several times, and the interior in the room can be updated very quickly and without much effort. But even despite the huge popularity of this coating, today not everyone who is going to carry out repairs knows what their main advantages are, how to choose non-woven wallpaper and how to glue them.
First you need to figure out what non-woven is. It is a cellulose fiber-based material that retains almost all the properties of paper, but is also stronger and more durable. Wallpaper can be either purely non-woven or non-woven, if a cover made of another material is used on top.
Advantages of non-woven wallpaper
Among the main advantages of this type of coating are the following:
non-woven wallpaper is thick enough, so it can mask small cracks and irregularities on the walls;
- fire safety and fire resistance;
- if wallpaper is used for painting, it is easy to change the color of the coating or repair it in case of damage;
- pure non-woven wallpaper is able to pass air and moisture, which means that it will maintain an optimal microclimate in the apartment. True, if a layer of vinyl is applied on top, then all these properties are reduced to nothing;
- the vinyl layer on the wallpaper is capable of absorbing dust, it does not fade, and the appearance of the wallpaper will always remain at its best;
during the installation process, these wallpapers are also quite convenient, because they do not stretch and do not tear, and you need to spread glue on the wall, and not the wallpaper;
- the coating can be glued to absolutely any surface: concrete, drywall, plaster, chipboard, etc .;
- such wallpapers are easy to clean, and they can be washed even with a rag or vacuum cleaner: neither the vinyl covering nor the paint layer will suffer;
- if you decide to get rid of this coating, then it will be easy to do, and you will not have to tear it off the walls for a painfully long time.
Disadvantages of non-woven wallpaper
There are not so many disadvantages, but still they are, and they must be taken into account if you have chosen this type of coverage for your home. So, the main disadvantages are:
if the wallpaper is too embossed, the top layer may be damaged. Consider this if you have animals or small children;
- dust can accumulate on them, so you will have to regularly clean the wallpaper;
the price for non-woven wallpaper is slightly higher than for other types of wallpaper, which is explained by the possibility of their repeated coloring. Nevertheless, you should not stop your choice on materials of dubious quality from unknown manufacturers in an attempt to save money.
How to choose non-woven wallpaper?
To decide which coating is most suitable for a particular room, you need to study the characteristics of all possible types of non-woven wallpaper. All of them can be divided into two main types:
wallpaper in which non-woven is an independent material. In this case, the wallpaper consists of several layers of non-woven fabric, the topmost of which, as a rule, has some kind of relief structure. Such material, after pasting, can be painted several times;
non-woven wallpaper – a material in which a layer of another material is used on top of the non-woven layer: paper, textiles, but most often vinyl. Vinyl wallpapers on a non-woven base retain some of the advantages of non-woven ones: ease of installation and the ability to hide some irregularities in the walls, but there is no need to talk about such characteristics as air permeability or environmental friendliness. Such wallpapers can be completely smooth, embossed or foamed and can also be used as paintable wallpapers.
Non-woven wallpaper can initially be:
Unpainted wallpapers are intended for subsequent decoration, but remember that the more layers of paint are applied to the wallpaper, the less noticeable the relief will be. Some colored wallpapers can also be painted later, but it is desirable that the paint color be close to the original. Wallpaper for painting is great for rooms such as a kitchen or hallway, where the walls are constantly exposed to some kind of stress, and with the help of staining, you can not only decorate the surface, but also quickly get rid of possible defects.
Depending on the type of surface, non-woven wallpaper is:
monotonous, intended for painting with latex or acrylic paints;
- smooth with a ready-made pattern;
- with silk-screen printing;
It is better to choose the texture of the wallpaper depending on the interior of the room and your own design requirements. So, large patterns and a noticeable relief can hide some surface defects of the walls. But if the interior is done in gentle colors, then it is better to choose a smaller drawing. It should also be remembered that the more pronounced the pattern on the wallpaper, the more times it will be possible to repaint it without losing the relief.
Another parameter that you should pay attention to when choosing non-woven wallpaper is their width. So, on sale there are mainly wallpapers with a width of 0.5 and 1 m. For large rooms, it is better to choose wide wallpapers in order to simplify the installation process as much as possible and reduce the number of joints to a minimum. In small rooms, it is better to glue narrow wallpaper, as there will be less hassle and less waste.
Well, and, of course, buy wallpapers of only one batch so that the pattern and color are identical. Give preference to proven and proven manufacturers.
How to glue non-woven wallpaper?
Almost anyone can handle gluing these wallpapers, because the process is as simple as possible. So, first you need to make sure that all the necessary tools are available, and these are:
- long pile roller;
- a spatula for rolling and a brush for smoothing wallpaper;
- metal spatula;
- container for water and glue;
- the wallpaper itself in the required quantity: first you need to measure the height and width of the walls in order to understand how many rolls are needed. It is better to take wallpaper with a small margin, so that later there will be no difficulties in finding material from the same batch.
Non-woven wallpaper, although it can hide some irregularities in the walls, requires the most uniform color from the surface so that in the future the color of the old wall covering does not shine through the layer of new wallpaper.
Old wallpaper must be removed with a spatula; you can pre-moisten them. Old paint also needs to be disposed of, in which case sandpaper may come in handy. After the wall has been processed, it is better to prime the surface. If there are strong irregularities or cracks on the walls, then it is better to get rid of them first and carefully level the surface. Also, before gluing, remove all sockets and switches.
Non-woven wallpaper is glued end-to-end, and as a result, after installation, the surface is perfect, but to achieve this effect, you need to try a little and apply markings on the wall. So, from the corner of the room, using a tape measure, a distance equal to the width of the wallpaper roll is laid. Then, using a laser level or a plumb line, a strictly vertical line is drawn, a segment of exactly the same width is laid from it, a vertical line is again drawn, etc. Such markings will help to glue the wallpaper on the walls as evenly as possible.
Preparing wallpaper and glue
Before gluing, it is better to cut the wallpaper in sufficient quantity for all walls of the room. If there is a large pattern that must be correctly aligned, then the process becomes a little more complicated, but manufacturers often indicate on the packaging how many centimeters should be left for an allowance for joining the pattern. By the way, it is not superfluous to measure the height of the walls at different points of the room, with a step of 30-50 cm, before cutting the wallpaper, and then take into account the results obtained when cutting the wallpaper.
Before cutting the wallpaper, you need to wash the floor well or cover it with plastic wrap. Then you need to lay out the wallpaper face down, measure the required length, taking into account the allowance for joining the pattern, make a notch, check again whether the pattern of neighboring panels matches, and only then cut it off.
For gluing non-woven wallpaper, you must use special glue. It is not difficult to prepare it, and for this you need to follow the instructions on the package: glue powder is carefully poured into a certain amount of water, stirring constantly. After that, the glue is left for a short time so that it swells.
The glue is applied to a section of the wall, the width of which is equal to the width of the wallpaper roll, but some experts advise spreading over a slightly wider part of the wall to ensure maximum adhesion to the edges. By the way, before starting, read carefully the manufacturer’s instructions, because in some cases it will be necessary to also miss the wallpaper. In any case, the adhesive must be applied as evenly as possible.
It is better to start gluing the wallpaper from top to bottom, gently pressing the canvas against the wall, and smoothing it with a brush or roller from the center to the edges. If you are gluing wallpaper with a pronounced texture, then it is better to use a wallpaper roller, and press it without fanaticism so as not to damage the surface. After gluing, cut off the excess parts of the wallpaper from the bottom and top, leaving 2-3 cm under the baseboards. It is convenient to cut off the excess with a spatula and a knife, and it is better to move the wallpaper strips into the distance with a spatula so that the cutting line is as even as possible. Now it is necessary to wash off the glue residues with a slightly damp sponge, otherwise after drying they will give a characteristic shine.
The next sheet of wallpaper with glue end-to-end to the previous one: after drying, the wallpaper does not shrink, so there will be no gaps between them. The whole installation process is the same, but you need to make sure that the drawing on the two canvases matches. After gluing, we roll the joint with a roller, remove excess glue, and proceed to gluing a new strip.
It is not recommended to glue a solid sheet in the corners, since in rare apartments these corners are strictly straight and perfect, otherwise unnecessary wrinkles and other defects will appear. One strip of wallpaper must be glued so that it overlaps the other wall of the corner with an overlap of 2 cm.On the other side, a strip of wallpaper is also glued with a slight overlap, and then the excess is removed so that the piece of wallpaper rests against the corner. It is worth noting that the corner itself must be carefully coated with glue.
How to paint non-woven wallpaper?
When painting the wallpaper for the first time, you must wait until it is completely dry, and then you can repaint the surface whenever you like. It is better to use a latex-based water-dispersion composition for painting: this paint is safe, environmentally friendly and dries quickly. It is better to apply it with a roller: foam rubber or with a long nap, in order to better paint over the wallpaper relief.
The process of painting non-woven wallpaper is not much different from the usual painting of walls. It is important that if you tint paint, then it is better to immediately prepare a sufficient supply of it, otherwise it will be difficult to repeat the required shade in the future. Little by little, the paint is poured into a tray, a roller is rolled out in it, the excess paint is squeezed out, and then the roller is drawn along the wall. It is better to apply the paint in a couple of layers to get a uniformly colored coating without white spots.
Wallpaper in corners, as well as joints with ceiling and floor skirting boards, are best painted with a brush. It is better to cover the skirting boards with construction tape beforehand, and remove it after the paint has dried. Now you need to wait a little while the paint dries, and this completes the gluing and painting process.
Today, non-woven wallpaper is a popular finishing material due to its excellent performance properties. This is one of the few types of wallpaper that you can paint and recolor. In addition, this coating is able to hide some wall defects and provide them with an excellent appearance. To enjoy all the advantages of non-woven wallpaper, you just need to choose the right material and glue it correctly, and the above tips should help you with this.