Laminate has proven itself to be a versatile coating. Today, not only the floor is finished with them, and the use of laminate as a finishing material for walls and doors no longer surprises anyone. So why not use it to create a spectacular ceiling in your room. Such a room instantly transforms, acquires the proper comfort, and at the same time almost everyone can cope with laying laminate on the ceiling. So, how do you finish the ceiling with laminate, and how will you benefit from it?
Advantages and disadvantages
Laminate as a ceiling finish boasts a host of advantages due to its structure. So, at the heart of this material is wood, therefore he inherited many properties from it. And although the rigidity and resistance to deformations that a laminate needs to withstand loads as a floor covering remain unnecessary for a ceiling, this material still has a number of other positive qualities:
the laminate is quite durable, especially when it comes to its use as a ceiling covering, since it will not be constantly exposed to it;
- the laminate is as easy to clean as possible;
The range of laminate flooring can drive even an experienced designer crazy, so you will certainly be able to choose the color, shade and texture nuances in accordance with the interior. Laminate can imitate not only the structure of any kind of wood, but also disguise itself even under a stone;
- the laminate has good thermal and noise insulation properties, and if you use additional insulation during installation, you can significantly improve the microclimate of the room;
it is quite possible to mount the laminate on the ceiling with your own hands – it is not much more difficult than laying it on the floor or walls;
the price of this finishing material is not so high, so the laminate can be used in decorating a room, even if not very large funds have been allocated for repairs.
To create a complete comprehensive impression of this type of ceiling finish, it is worth noting that the laminate has a number of disadvantages:
- since the laminate is afraid of water, it is better not to use it as a floor and ceiling covering in places where high humidity is the norm (bathroom, kitchen);
- the fear of moisture can make itself felt if the roof leaks or the neighbors flood you upstairs. In this case, the coating is unlikely to be saved – it will need to be dismantled. But if reliable waterproofing is organized in advance, then such consequences can be avoided;
- since the laminate is still an unnatural coating, in the production of which adhesives are used, toxic substances can be released during operation, the evaporation of which becomes more intense when heated. To avoid this negative health impact, it is best to ventilate the room thoroughly for at least a couple of weeks after installing the laminate.
Choosing a laminate for the ceiling
If the advantages of using a laminate as a ceiling covering outweigh all the disadvantages, then proceed to the next stage, which precedes the installation of the laminate on the ceiling – this is his choice. Naturally, there is no laminate that is designed for installation on the ceiling or walls – all that huge assortment presented in stores is all ordinary laminate that is installed on the floor.
Such a parameter as strength can be immediately thrown back, since in our case you will not have to walk on the laminate. Optimally, in our case, a laminate of class 21, 22 and 23 would be suitable, but they have already stopped producing it, so you will have to choose the one that is as light and thin as possible.
The important parameters are the width and length of each individual fragment. So, now you can find completely different options: both square tiles measuring 40 * 40 cm, and standard boards 120 * 14 cm, and even more overall boards 200 * 20 cm.It should be noted right away that it is better to buy a laminate from one seller from one from the manufacturer and from the same batch, so that later it turns out that the differences in color and shade are already very striking. Just in case, it is better to take the material with a margin, so that later you do not run to the store and do not look for something as similar as possible to the already purchased laminate, and it will not be easy to guess with a shade. Optimally – take a laminate with a margin of about 15%.
As for the choice of the best laminate parameters, then you need to build on the convenience of working with the material and the dimensions of the rooms. It is better if the material covers the ceiling with a minimum number of joints. So, for example, for a narrow balcony with parameters of 2 * 6 m, 2-meter laminate boards are perfect, but for a room of 3 * 6 m, it is better to choose strips with a length of 1.5 m. Please note that working with boards more than 15 cm wide is not very convenient, since they are heavy, which complicates installation somewhat.
When you have decided what type and size of laminate is best suited for your particular case, you should move on to the choice of color, texture and other decorative features.
How to finish the ceiling with laminate?
It is not difficult to attach laminate to the ceiling: there are two effective ways to do this. One of them is adhesive, which will require the ideal condition of the ceiling: it should be even, smooth, and not have visible flaws. In addition, you can use the frame method: fix the laminate boards with nails, clamps or self-tapping screws to a pre-prepared crate.
Whichever method is chosen, it is better to leave the purchased laminate before use for a couple of days without packaging in the room where it will be installed. This will allow the material to take optimal parameters.
We glue the laminate to the ceiling
This method is justified only if it is necessary to preserve the height of the room. In this case, the surface of the ceiling must be perfectly flat and strong. To achieve this, you can use sheet materials, which again will affect the height of the room, or you can level the ceiling surface for a long time and carefully. It will need to be putty several times, wait until each layer is dry, and only then primed. This process is not the fastest, and it is laborious.
For this type of work, a special two-component glue is used, which is very toxic until it dries completely. That is why, before starting the installation, you will need to carefully study the instructions for working with it and adhere to it during the work.
The sequence of work is as follows:
- We lubricate the necessary section of the ceiling with glue;
Laminate adhesive can be applied to the back of the laminate board for added strength, but you can do without it. Also, the grooves of the joints should be treated with a sealant to increase the strength of the entire structure;
it is better to start the installation of the coating from the left corner of the room farthest from the entrance;
When the first panel is firmly glued to the ceiling, we fasten the next one in the same way, connecting it with a locking mechanism, and only then pressing it to the surface;
- in order not to hold all the boards with your hands until they are firmly glued to the ceiling, you can use special supports;
if the area of the surface to be trimmed is small, or it is necessary to decorate only a part of the ceiling with a laminate, then you can assemble the structure first on the floor, and then completely glue the whole to the ceiling in order to facilitate your work. For large rooms, the whole process is carried out according to the scheme described above, and the installation in this case is very similar to similar work on laying the laminate on the floor.
The adhesive method of laying laminate on the ceiling is not considered the easiest, and it will require a lot of effort and patience from you. In order to achieve a high-quality connection of the panels, they, as well as when laying on the floor, must be knocked together. But this is not so easy to do, because there is a great chance that the entire structure will begin to deform, shift, and some panels will completely come off. They get out of this situation in different ways. Many people work with an assistant who will hold the already glued boards, thereby protecting them from shifting. But a more reliable option is to nail each board into the groove to the base with small nails, which cannot but affect the simplicity of the work carried out.
We mount the laminate on the frame
In this case, the installation of the laminate on the ceiling can take less time and take much less effort, but you should also pay attention to the preparatory work. The advantage of this method is that numerous wet and dirty processes are absent, which already simplifies the entire installation. In addition, such an option at least takes away the height of the room, allows you to hide the fixtures of the lamps under the ceiling of the communication, and as a result, the most aesthetic and attractive design is obtained.
Before starting work, it is better to clean the ceiling surface of the previous layers of finishing and prime it so that in the future the remnants of old plaster or paint do not fall on the frame with the laminate. The frame can be attached directly to the ceiling itself with self-tapping screws, or it can be installed on hangers at a certain distance from the ceiling. The option is chosen depending on the characteristics of the room, the height of the ceilings and the need to hide some communications under the cover.
To organize the frame, it is better to choose a dry wooden bar than a metal profile: the arrangement of fasteners will be much easier. Nevertheless, the metal will still be more reliable, and it is better to pre-treat the tree with an antiseptic solution.
What will the sequence of actions for laying the laminate look like in this case?
we start with the fact that you need to clearly define and set the level at which the structure will be located and the laminate will be attached. It depends on this how smooth and aesthetic the final result will be, therefore we accurately determine the level of the ceiling and beat off the required level on the walls. To determine the necessary points, you can use the laser level, which is suspended from the center of the ceiling, and which accurately shows the places where you can fix the side skirting board;
it is better to install the frame elements across the room, and this is explained by the fact that it is better to lay the laminate perpendicular to the wall on which the window is located, and the frame elements are installed across the direction of installation of the laminate. The step between individual beams should be no more than 50 cm, and they are attached to the ceiling with self-tapping screws with dowels
It is worth starting laying from any far corner of the room, and at the same time, small carnations can be used to attach the boards to the crate (if a wooden bar is used as a frame): you should not worry about aesthetics, because they will not be visible from such a distance. To obtain an ideal result, you can use clamps, such as those used for lining, but this method will take you more time, because you will have to cut the laminate locks in those places where the mount will be installed;
- in order to avoid possible warping of the laminate, during its installation it is better to retreat from the walls by 1 cm. In order to accurately observe this barrier, it is possible to nail wedges during the arrangement, and then dismantle them;
- each subsequent board is mounted like the previous one, while docking with it. After laying the entire structure, we install the ceiling plinth.
That’s basically it. As you can see, the process is a little more complicated than with laying the laminate on the floor, but it is also quite feasible on our own.