Any operations in the real estate sector, whether it be the construction of a building or its complex renovation, are associated with huge amounts of money, and therefore with high risks. In order for the contractor to carry out all the work with high quality and on time, not to violate building codes and not to appropriate the funds that are not due to him, it is necessary to conduct an independent examination of the construction. A similar assessment is also carried out during the purchase and sale operation, before overhaul, in case of disputes between the customer and the contractor, as well as in a number of other cases. An independent construction expertise allows you to get a comprehensive view of the object under study and draw conclusions about the quality and cost of construction work. Let’s figure out the nuances of such an assessment.
What is construction expertise?
An independent construction expertise is understood as the process of researching construction activities for their compliance with regulatory documents. The expertise allows you to resolve disputes regarding the correctness of the construction of buildings, their repair and dismantling. In order to carry out a comprehensive study, it is necessary to have certain knowledge and be well aware of the regulatory and legal framework, therefore, several specialists are included in the expert commission at once. They carry out various kinds of research and analysis, identify and record violations, which reflect in their reports the object’s compliance with the requirements imposed on it by law.
Construction expertise can begin to be carried out both at the stage of drawing up project documentation, during construction, and after its completion. It can be carried out voluntarily (extrajudicial examination) or by court order (forensic examination) when a dispute arose. An organization that undertakes to conduct an examination can assess not only the technical side of the object, but also the economic component.
The objectives of the construction expertise
Construction expertise will allow you to keep under control the construction or repair process and know that all work is carried out in accordance with applicable law. This, in general terms, is that we are dealing with all the details of such an assessment. The objectives of the construction expertise are many (it all depends on at what stage and for which object it is carried out), among them the most important:
- calculating the exact cost of building a building and identifying possible fraud;
- study of projects of buildings and structures for compliance with SNiPs and GOSTs;
- assessment of the quality of ongoing or already carried out works for compliance with SNiPs and GOSTs;
- quality assessment of used building materials;
- assessment of the construction work carried out for compliance with the project;
- assessment of the control of an erected object on existing buildings, and vice versa, an assessment of the impact of surrounding objects on a building that is being built;
- examination of supporting structures for damage and deformations, assessing the severity of the latter and their ability to influence the process of building operation;
- assessment of damage to buildings from natural disasters;
- assessment of the deterioration of buildings;
- assessment of the bearing capacity of the building when planning its redevelopment and deepening the basement;
- determining the causes of building defects;
- settlement of disputes about the quality of construction, real value of real estate and property rights in court.
Depending on the wishes of the customer, construction expertise can be complex or selective. Residents of Moscow can contact center for independent expertise Expert-Stolitsa, which has been operating since 2009, provides comprehensive assessment services and allows you to check the technical and financial aspects of construction. The company employs highly qualified specialists, all research is carried out in research institutes using generally accepted and special methods, so there is no reason to doubt the reliability of the expertise.
The main tasks and objects of construction expertise
The tasks of an independent construction expertise are, of course, closely related to its goals. Such an assessment allows:
- carry out construction monitoring of already constructed facilities in order to determine their safety, the need for repair or reconstruction;
- assess the strength of floors, foundations, roofs, facades through the use of modern methods of non-destructive testing;
- estimate the market value of a specific object;
- determine the factors that led to the emergency state of the facility;
- assessment of compliance with fire safety requirements;
- check technical documentation;
- estimate the cost of building a house;
- evaluate the quality of the repair;
- conduct a TV survey of the building to identify heat leak points, etc.
Also, tasks include assessing the possibility of building an object at a specific location, the economic benefit of estimates, the effectiveness of using certain technologies and materials. Independent construction expertise is such a versatile tool in the construction safety system that it allows you to solve a whole range of tasks, the set of which will depend on the characteristics of a particular object.
As for the object, in the construction expertise they can be land plots, design documents, ready-made and erected structures of any type (houses, bridges, tunnels, production facilities) and communications.
When is an independent construction expertise required?
To make it clearer, let’s use examples to figure out in which cases an independent examination may be needed. Evaluation may be necessary for both an individual and an organization. Here are the most common situations when they resort to conducting a construction expertise:
- the presence of customer claims to the contractor, for example, violation of terms, inadequate quality of work or materials, as well as in the event of conflicts between residents of the house, utilities, etc .;
- assessment of damage caused to real estate by a pipe break, fire, earthquake, etc .;
- buying an apartment in a new building. In this case, the buyer, with the help of an examination, can check whether the object corresponds to what the documentation says about it, and whether it is suitable for living;
- before a sale and purchase transaction to assess the real value of real estate or land, as well as before insurance or investment;
- preparation for construction or renovation;
- the need to legitimize a self-willed building;
- assessment of the appropriateness of the estimate drawn up by the contractor. For example, a renovation of a commercial premises or a private house is being undertaken, and the company that was invited to do this work named a suspiciously high cost of its services. In this case, it is cheaper to conduct a construction examination of the estimate than to overpay huge amounts. If the work has already been carried out, their assessment will help to identify at what stage the theft of funds occurred. Perhaps some of the works declared in the estimate were not performed or performed in an inappropriate way, cheaper materials were used instead of their expensive and high-quality counterparts;
- establishing a link between building defects and violations of construction technology;
- also a construction expertise can be ordered by a court decision.
Construction expertise process
Construction expertise can only be carried out by accredited companies and specialists with the necessary knowledge and experience. The assessment is carried out after the conclusion of a written agreement, which specifies all the nuances of the assessment: terms, procedure, cost, rights and obligations of the parties. The cost depends on the complexity of the work being done, the set of studies and the policy of the company that is doing the assessment.
The procedure for conducting an independent construction expertise consists of the following stages:
- preparatory process. This is the conclusion of a contract, discussion of details and the first acquaintance with the object that is subject to assessment;
- study of existing documentation. These are engineering and technical documents, estimates, contracts between the customer and the contractor and other documentation. At this stage, we can already talk about the order of execution of the ordered work;
- familiarization with the object. Experts take the necessary measurements, and if defects are found, photographs are taken. At this stage, all the shortcomings are noted, such as cracks and distortions;
- determination of control methods and laboratory research;
- carrying out the necessary calculations and drawing up drawings;
- drawing up an expert report with conclusions and conclusions on the issues raised by the customer.
The rules, timing and form of the report are regulated by the relevant norms and SNiPs.
To conduct an assessment, experts use a number of tools, which include laboratory analyzes, various measurements and tests, and computer simulation. There are very complex and specific methods. Among the most commonly used technologies are the following:
- monitoring the provided documentation and evaluating it for compliance with regulatory legal acts;
- inspection of the object in order to fix obvious violations and defects;
- taking measurements;
- the use of non-destructive testing methods (inspection with a thermal imager, ultrasonic flaw detection, examination of materials with penetrating compounds);
- selection of samples of concrete, wood, materials for subsequent laboratory studies using appropriate techniques;
- selection of soil samples, study of the composition of groundwater and the depth of their occurrence;
- field tests that involve mechanical impact on the structure;
- monitoring cracks by installing beacons;
- computer modeling, which allows you to calculate the load on individual building elements, their reliability and a host of other parameters.
As a result of the examination, the customer receives a detailed report, which indicates what work was performed, what results were obtained, calculations, photos, graphs and drawings are provided. The most interesting part of the report is the conclusion, which indicates all violations, as well as recommendations for their elimination. If the assessment showed that the object under study is not suitable for further operation, then this can serve as the basis for making serious decisions, incl. legal proceedings.
Summing up all of the above, we can say that an independent construction expertise is an effective way to control the progress of construction, to be confident in the safety of the facility and the honesty of the contractor.