The peculiarity of the hallway is that it is repaired last, because it is somehow illogical to carry construction materials and debris through the already repaired premises. Often, after the tedious and laborious finishing of all the rooms of the apartment, there is no longer any strength or finance left to repair the hallway. This is a critical mistake, because the hallway is rightfully considered the hallmark of the apartment. That is why it is so important to plan renovation work in the entire apartment and in the hallway in particular. It’s easier to immediately highlight all the stages of the hallway repair, to decide what it should be in the end, in order to get what you want as a result.
# 1. Drafting a project
Any important task involves drawing up an action plan, and when it comes to repairs, the presence of a clear order of actions is a necessity and a guarantee of a successful result. In advance, even before the start of repair work, you should think about the location of the main pieces of furniture, determine their size, choose the style of the interior, and also decide on lighting devices, their location, the locations of switches and sockets. All this must be imagined not conditionally and in the imagination, but captured in the form of a diagram that is as complete and understandable as possible.
To draw up a plan for the future hallway, it is necessary to measure its dimensions, to know the distance from the walls to doorways and other nuances of the room. All this needs to be transferred to a scale on paper or the data obtained must be entered into a special program. Now you can start moving the necessary pieces of furniture around the plan and experiment until the result is to your liking. It is more convenient to use special applications, since you can immediately see the result in three-dimensional space. If your strength and desire are clearly not enough to plan the interior and organize the hallway space, then you can contact the specialists.
When creating a hallway plan, it is worth considering some of the nuances of this room. In most cases, this is the absence of natural light, a small area and, of course, a constant negative impact: dirt, sand, moisture from the street, temperature changes, etc. That is why unnecessarily cluttering the hallway with furniture and decor is not worth it – there should be a necessary minimum of items so that households can move around here calmly. It is better to use light colors in the decoration; wardrobes with mirrored doors help out. The owners of spacious hallways can afford complete freedom in organizing the space of the hallway.
The drawn up design project should be as detailed and detailed as possible, and on its basis the necessary building materials are determined, an estimate is made, the stages of repair and their sequence are highlighted. We will stop at the main stages.
# 2. Preparing for repair
When the entire apartment is being renovated, hardly anything of the furniture remains in the hallway, but still it will not be superfluous to remind you that the first thing to do is to take everything out of it. Now it’s up to the dirtiest process – dismantling work. If the walls were covered with wallpaper, then you can remove them with a spatula, and if difficulties arise, moisten the wallpaper a little beforehand. With paint, the situation is more complicated: you may need a solvent or a building hairdryer. However, if the painted surfaces of the walls or ceiling are even and without any defects, then, depending on the future finish, the paint layer may not be touched. As for the flooring, it is quite easy to dismantle the laminate and linoleum on your own, but you will have to tinker with the tiles. It is important to correctly assess the condition of the flooring and if it is still quite normal, then it is better to just cover the floor with a film during the repair.
Often, small hallways are combined with the adjacent room, demolishing the partition. This is done precisely at this stage of the repair, but permission for such work must be taken long before that. If necessary, at this stage, the installation of partitions, arches and other elements is also performed.
Overhaul, as a rule, also provides for the replacement of electrical wiring. If necessary, at this stage of the repair, the walls are channeled, which is necessary for safety and aesthetics. At this point, it is already important to know the lighting plan of the hallway and the location of the sockets in it, so that in the future it is possible to avoid the use of extension cords and laying wires over the surface of the walls – all this will not add beauty and accuracy.
No. 3. Rough finish
It all starts with leveling the walls, because their ideal surface is already half the battle. Gypsum plasters are often used and have several advantages. It is worth noting that they will not dry very quickly, and at this time it is better not to start the next stages of work. It is advisable to apply the plaster in one layer, since when applying the second, you must wait for the first to dry completely. After that, it would be nice to prime the surface. Instead of plaster, many people use putty, which, after drying, is sanded with sandpaper.
The lengthy and messy process of leveling the walls can be simplified by using drywall sheets for this. But this solution is far from suitable for all hallways, because their area is often already tiny, and no one wants to reduce it due to the construction for drywall. This option is great for owners of spacious hallways.
It is also necessary to level the surface of the ceiling, because painting becomes a frequent solution to its finishing. The exception is tension and suspended structures that hide the surface of the main ceiling, and therefore it is not so important to achieve perfect evenness and the absence of any defects. To level the ceiling, gypsum mortar is often used, which, after drying, is cleaned and primed.
If the floor has elevation differences, then its surface must also be leveled. A cement-sand screed is used when everything is very bad, and in some cases it is more appropriate to use a self-leveling screed, which is easy to do on your own. Beforehand, the floor surface must be thoroughly cleaned of dust, dirt, greasy stains, primed, and only then proceed to the preparation of the solution. It is not difficult to do this by following the instructions on the packaging, and when pouring the floor, make sure that the thickness of the screed is not less than 5 mm.
After completing these works, you can start replacing the doors, if provided. When the new door leaves are installed, it is better to cover them with a film so that they do not get dirty or damaged during finishing.
No. 4. Fine finishing
They approach the decoration of the hallway and the choice of materials with all responsibility: the room takes a serious blow every day when households and pets bring dirt, moisture and sand from the street. All materials must be resistant to such influences, easy to care for, but also cute.
It is customary to start finishing from the ceiling, because otherwise drops of paint or plaster will drip onto the finishing coating of walls and floors when decorating the ceiling. The most common way to organize the ceiling space is to paint it: there are many shades, the price of materials is low, you can cope on your own. Less common, but still used for ceiling decoration, wallpaper and polystyrene tiles. Decorative plaster becomes an interesting option, but almost no one uses whitewash. Mirror tiles will make the hallway larger and add zest to it, but glossy stretch ceilings with reflective properties, as well as suspended plasterboard structures, are much more often used. In the last two versions, you can equip a unique lighting system.
If the ceiling does not so often suffer from drops of dirt falling on it, then the walls take a huge blow. In order not to repeat repairs often, they use the most practical materials. These are washable paints, decorative plasters, which cannot be scratched, and some types of wallpaper, incl. glass wallpaper, liquid, quartz wallpaper and washable vinyl. One of the most durable and reliable options for a hallway is a decorative stone; you can also use MDF panels. Ceramic tiles also show themselves well, but this option will not successfully fit into every interior style.
The best option for finishing the floor is tile or its combination with another material. So, near the threshold, you can use ceramic tiles, and in the rest of the hallway – laminate or even parquet. An alternative to tiles is porcelain stoneware, the performance of which is so high that many even doubt the advisability of using it in the hallway. In addition, for this room, you can use linoleum, which is very easy to maintain, and a self-leveling floor, which has solid advantages, but at the same time, and a high price.
Lighting fixtures can be installed at this stage. Do not forget that it is better to provide for several types of lighting for the hallway: in addition to the general light source, it is necessary to use a local one to illuminate the cabinet, mirror and other elements. Sometimes decorative lighting is appropriate.
No. 5. Furniture and decor
The number and size of furniture should correspond to the parameters of the hallway. Someone can afford several pieces of massive furniture, and at the same time there will also be enough space, but there are few such lucky ones. Most often, the hallways are small, and you have to think for a long time about arranging the space, because you need to organize a storage system for the most necessary things, hang a mirror and leave enough space in front of it.
Of course, the hallway closet is one of the most important elements. If you fit a wardrobe, then you are incredibly lucky, otherwise you can place a small narrow cabinet with mirrored doors. If the space is so small that even a small cabinet does not fit, then floor hangers or a wall strip with several hooks and a shelf can help out. A wide variety of shoe racks and shelves are intended for storing shoes: there are so many options that it is not difficult to choose the right one in style and size.
As for the mirror, it is better that it be full-length, but for a separate mirror of this size there is not always a place. The way out of the situation is glass cabinet doors or a small mirror above the chest of drawers. Remember to light it properly and leave room for dressing.
It is also good for the hallway to provide such useful accessories as an umbrella stand, a key holder, a box for all sorts of little things, so that they do not lie around and clutter up the space. There is room in the hallway for decorative items, but there should not be too many of them. A painting, a few photographs or a vase will suffice.
Do you want to save time, money and nerves while renovating the hallway? Then you cannot do without a clear plan and sequence of actions. It is better to spend a couple of days thinking in detail about all the details and drawing up a design project than solving the problems that arise during the repair.