Floor board: types, size, manufacturing method

6 min

The variety of different floor coverings today is simply amazing, but still the most versatile, environmentally friendly and durable material is wood. Boards have never lost popularity, but now the demand for them is constantly growing. Firstly, this material will last a very long time, and, secondly, it fits into absolutely any style of interior: from classic to high-tech. The choice of floorboards today is quite wide, which allows you to purchase a material suitable in width, thickness, length and appearance.

What is a floorboard?

types of floorboardsFloorboard (floorboard) is a material for flooring, which is made from a solid piece of wood, which determines the main advantages and properties, because parquet board, for example, is obtained by gluing several layers of wood. Most often, the boards are equipped with a groove and a ridge on different sides to make the installation process much easier.

Naturally, the boards are made only from natural, high-quality wood, which should be free from such imperfections as knots, blackening, cracks, etc. Boards can be of different thicknesses and widths, most often they are made from larch, pine, ash or oak wood. But such species as linden and poplar are extremely undesirable for creating flooring.

Advantages and disadvantages

types of floorboardsFloorboards are a unique floor covering that has many advantages. So, the key ones are:

  • durability and high reliability, which is especially important for flooring, which is regularly subjected to heavy load and pressure;

  • durability: boards are not a material for several years. With minimal maintenance, such a floor covering can last for several decades or more, depending on the type of wood chosen;

  • environmental friendliness of the material is an important indicator for those who want to create the safest home, building materials in which will not be a direct threat to the health and life of the inhabitants;

  • types of floorboardsantiallergic properties – an advantage that flows smoothly from the naturalness of the material;

  • thermal insulation is an important bonus for those who want to always maintain comfort and a wonderful microclimate in their home. Wood is a warm covering, so it will be much more comfortable with it in winter;

  • a pleasant appearance that can decorate any room and fit into any style of interior.

When deciding to use boards as flooring, you need to be prepared that they also have some disadvantages, which include the following:

  • types of floorboardsrelatively considerable cost;

  • the need to follow some rules in care so that the coating lasts as long as possible;
  • predisposition of wood to decay, wiping, scratching;

  • wood is highly flammable, and over time it can deform and change its shape slightly.

But even despite many of these disadvantages, wood remains one of the best options for arranging flooring, so we will consider which floorboards are currently on the market, and which ones are best to choose in each case.

Wood species

types of floorboardsIn many ways, the properties of a floorboard depend on what kind of wood it is made of. So, appearance, color, texture, strength, moisture resistance, resistance to deformation, price – those parameters that can be very different for boards made from different species.

Today, the greatest demand is for larch, spruce, pine, maple and beech boards. They are durable rocks that hardly change their color over time. Cherry, wenge, pear and teak are considered more expensive options that can be used in the most luxurious interiors. All of them are distinguished by their original color and texture, which can give the interior a special comfort combined with chic and elegance.

types of floorboardsIt is worth noting that hardwoods are denser than conifers, and therefore pine and spruce are in great demand. All this is due to the fact that they are much lighter, and therefore it is easier to work with them, the requirements for fasteners are much lower. If you have to lay the coating with your own hands, then it is better to opt for conifers. By the way, in this case it will also be possible to save a little.

types of floorboardsAs for the appearance, each breed is unique and gives itself away with a peculiar shade or texture. When choosing, you can also build on what visual effect you want to get. So, for example, cedar has a pinkish tint with a reddish tint, while the rest of the conifers are distinguished by light wood. Larch has a pleasant golden hue, and, moreover, it is the most resistant to decay, durable, and compares favorably with all conifers. Birch pleases with a very fine-fiber structure, which allows you to achieve the effect of a monolithic coating. This material is very durable and incredibly aesthetic. Oak belongs to a special price category and is valued for its original veined texture, special color and incredible durability. It should be noted that the shade of any wood can be slightly changed with the help of special impregnations.

Board size

In terms of length, width and thickness, floorboards can be completely different. What are the ideal parameters? It is impossible to answer this question unambiguously, since, depending on the totality of external factors and conditions, the choice can be radically different.

types of floorboardsWidth is the key parameter of the floorboard. Today you can find products with a width of 80 to 135 mm, but boards with a width of 100-105 mm remain the most popular and versatile. In this case, the choice should be based on the parameters of the room and the interior solution, because, for example, an overly narrow board would look inappropriate in a large space. As a result, a wider board forms fewer joints, can fit faster, and, in general, looks more respectable and expensive. Nevertheless, the narrow one is great for rooms with a small area, as well as where there is an increased load on the floor, since this option boasts increased strength.

As for the thickness, boards from 28 to 40 mm are on sale. The choice should be based on the distance between the floor lags. So, if it is about 60 cm, then boards 30-35 mm thick are quite suitable, but if the distance is 80 cm, then you will have to use boards 40-45 mm thick. You also need to take into account the intensity of movement on the floor, i.e. load on the boards: the higher it is, the thicker the boards should be.

Preparation method

types of floorboardsThe floorboard can be solid and spliced, or glued. The first is made of solid wood, the second, respectively, is assembled from separate pieces of wood, equal in length. The junction of such boards is somewhat similar to a gear transmission, they are almost invisible, but it is almost impossible to perfectly combine the texture of the wood. Glued board is not inferior to solid one in strength, but both types can boast of their advantages.

types of floorboardsSo, a solid board is distinguished by its naturalness, but knots and resin pockets may be present on it, which, one way or another, reduce the quality of the material. Glued board does not have such disadvantages, which, on top of that, has ideal geometry and high strength. But in terms of naturalness, such a material is inferior to a massive board, because there is glue in the composition, with the help of which the individual parts are connected. In addition, such boards cannot be installed if the lag step is more than 40 cm.

The length of the boards is generally 3-6 meters. Some experts say that it is much easier to work with shorter and narrower boards, but with wide and long boards you can achieve the most aesthetic result.

Other differences

In addition, the floorboard can be grooved and non-grooved. The first has grooves on one side, and projections on the other, which simplify the installation of such a board, and in the future allow you to get a stronger and more durable result. In the modern market, mainly boards of this type are presented.

Today’s selection also offers us regular board and euro board. The latter is distinguished by improved properties, since higher quality raw materials and modern technologies are used in the production, which ultimately makes it possible to obtain a board with an ideal geometry, low humidity, without defects in the form of knots, blue stains, holes, etc. Euroboard is also distinguished by the presence of ventilation grooves, which allow better distribution of the load on each individual element, prevent the formation of fungus. As a result, such a board is able to last much longer without changing its qualities.

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Passionate about DIY for over 10 years and all the new tools, I give you through this blog all my advice, tips, tests in all areas: carpentry, electricity, masonry, gardening, home automation ...


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