- There are many questions that need to be addressed when building a home. Costs, schedule and the nature of the property and its surroundings determine which construction method comes into question.
- Contrary to popular belief, wooden houses are stable and can withstand storms and earthquakes without any problems.
- We present the most common construction methods below and explain their advantages and disadvantages. Read here which construction method is best for your project.
Builders usually have a very clear idea of what their house should look like. The external appearance does not primarily depend on the construction. There are various options and tricks to achieve the look you want.
So can a builder who likes build with stone still want one Realize a wooden facade. It can easily be attached at the end as a cladding for the house. The same can be done by a client who would like to build with wood would like the finished house in the end anyway plaster with plasterif he likes this look better. Meanwhile there is also Prefabricated houseswhich are visually different from the Solid house can hardly be distinguished. So the key question is: which materials behind the facade have the greatest advantages? In short: which construction method is best when building a house?
These factors determine which construction method is best
What the construction method can possibly influence are the property and the building area. Sometimes he writes Zoning plan a certain Architectural style mandatory before or the use of certain materials. It can happen, for example, that a building owner is not allowed to implement modern house plans with a wood and glass construction or a Mediterranean prefabricated house in the historic town center because the building project would disturb the overall appearance of the place. Many other criteria determine the architectural style, including:
- Requirements for sustainability and environmental protection
- Height specifications of the reference point in a development plan
- Properties of the property, in particular the nature of the soil
- Costs of the construction project, budget of the builder
- Planned duration of the construction phase to completion
The last two points, namely Cost and construction time are usually the limiting factor and decide which construction is the best. Because you can almost always find good solutions for the perfect dream home according to your own ideas. In discussions with architects and manufacturers about which construction method is best suited for the project, unconventional ideas can then also be discussed. As long as time and money do not play a role, almost all other restrictions can be bypassed with good planning and small tricks.
Prefabricated house, solid house, wooden house – the most important construction methods when building a house
With these three construction methods, the greatest differences lie in the materials and the place of manufacture. Solid houses are usually made from building blocks that are built on site. In prefabricated houses, prefabricated components are very often used, which the craftsmen only have to assemble on the construction site. Trucks deliver entire walls. Wooden houses are very often too Prefabricated houses. There are also solidly built houses where, for example, craftsmen build large balconies directly on site.
What is special about the solid house?
When building houses, the solid house construction is one of the most popular construction methods. Man has been building solid houses out of walls for thousands of years and has a lot of experience with it. The mason trade is very old, the solid construction method has proven itself due to its many advantages. Technical advancements ensure that the good old stone house can still look ultra-modern. For example, there are stones that have special insulating properties. Porous stones with air pockets are often responsible for the insulation. They make additional insulation materials superfluous.
The materials of solid houses have alone due to their physical properties more mass. This gives them advantages over other, lighter materials in terms of soundproofing and protection against storms. A solid house is more likely to withstand flying objects in a storm. In addition, stones are less prone to damage from moisture.
There are also advantages when selling: Solid houses usually achieve a higher sales price compared to prefabricated or wooden houses. Many prospective buyers have great prejudices here against older wooden and prefabricated houses. They believe this type of construction is best for building a house. But of course this assumption is far too general. If you take a differentiated look, there are better construction methods for certain projects, depending on the client’s requirements.
What is special about the prefabricated house?
With prefabricated construction, the components are created in factory buildings, where they are prefabricated by the manufacturer. Often, prefabricated houses are built with wooden studs or lightweight constructions. They consist of a frame that meets the structural requirements for the house. the Building materials for noise and heat insulation are filled in this frame. Thermal insulation from the outside, for example using additional insulation panels, is then no longer necessary. That saves time.
The prefabricated elements for prefabricated houses are standardized, so that a certain potential for savings is achieved through high production quantities, which means that the houses are often a little cheaper. In addition, the building owner has a time advantage: If the prefabricated house company has the standard elements in its warehouse, house construction can begin almost immediately after the order has been placed. The extent to which this is possible depends above all on the special wishes that the client has.
What is special about the wooden house?
There are wooden houses in skeleton construction and also as prefabricated houses. Often, however, wooden houses are built using logs. Then they are a solid house. A wooden house is considered sustainable. But for the ecological balance of the house, what counts is the entire structure, how it will be completed in the end. If a builder has his wooden house insulated with plastic and then plastered with plaster, it is not necessarily more ecological than a prefabricated house or a house made of stone. Whoever puts the aspects of environmental awareness and sustainability in the foreground does not necessarily have to build a wooden house.
Important! With cheap wood you have to pay close attention to the origin. Overexploitation and illegal clearing of tropical rainforests is not uncommon in the wood industry. Builders with a focus on sustainability and environmental protection must therefore pay close attention to where the wood used comes from and whether it is certified accordingly by independent inspection bodies.
The prevailing prejudices in Germany against wooden houses with regard to statics and stability are completely unfounded. A wooden house is able to absorb tensile forces well and can withstand you Storm or an earthquake if implemented well, often better than many other structures. Wood also insulates very well. Only when it comes to noise protection is wood not ideal as a building material.
Other special construction methods: half-timbered and straw bales
In the north of the Federal Republic are Half-timbered houses very popular. There are some suppliers there who manufacture these houses in skeleton construction. Half-timbered houses are beautiful architectural monuments. It can also be a modern house that is built in a modern style, but reminds of the historical roots of a place. The design can remain traditional or be accompanied by a very individual and modern look.
That Straw bale house is also a skeleton house. Bales of straw up to 60 centimeters thick are used. They not only serve for thermal insulation, but also for statics. Straw clamped into a wooden frame is very resilient. Straw bale houses, especially when combined with clay plaster, are a very sustainable construction method.
Tip: Builders who want to tackle things themselves are enthusiastic about the straw bale construction. The project can be a great pleasure and should definitely be photographed with photos for the offspring.
When energy saving is paramount when building a house
Modern building legislation writes in GEG (Building Energy Act) certain energy standards for new buildings. These are now much stricter than they were a few years ago. This means that all new buildings are energy-saving houses in comparison with the existing buildings in a location. Builders who want to build in a particularly environmentally friendly way can choose a passive house or Sun house to build. A lot of energy can be saved through special building materials, innovative technology and architectural know-how. Houses can be heated with solar power.
With special systems, houses can produce the electricity that the residents consume themselves. The residents live in it completely self-sufficient in terms of energy. This usually results in additional costs during construction, which in many cases amortize over time, because one is independent of the energy supply from private companies. The extent to which this works depends very much on the heating behavior and also on the development of energy prices. the KfW provides Funds ready for very energy-efficient houses.
Photo credits: Adobe Stock / JeanLuc, Adobe Stock / Tanja Wilbertz (sorted chronologically or according to the order of the images used in the buying guide)