The word “repair” inspires horror to many, because it is not for nothing that they say that repairs cannot be completed – they can only be suspended. The kitchen needs repair work much more often than other areas of the apartment, because the finishing materials and furniture here are constantly exposed to moisture, drops of dirt and grease, as well as strong odors. To get rid of cracks on tiles, worn wallpaper and old batteries, it is not always necessary to start a major overhaul – in most cases, a redecoration of the kitchen can be performed to update and refresh the atmosphere, which will not require so much effort and expense. Therefore, it is time to stop being afraid of repairs and start learning how to carry out it simply and quickly.
# 1. Where to begin?
The first and most important stage is to assess the state of the kitchen and determine the scope of work. It is important to clearly understand what will require a complete replacement, and what can be slightly repaired or refreshed. Redecoration does not imply global changes, replacement of communications or redevelopment. As a rule, the complex of works includes restoration or replacement of finishes, replacement or painting of heating radiators, as well as windows and doors. On average, cosmetic repairs are carried out every 5-7 years, but the kitchen may need it a little more often. Its huge plus is the ability to freshen up the atmosphere and put in order the room without spending a lot of time and effort.
Another great advantage of cosmetic repairs is the ability to do some work yourself. By the way, at the preliminary stage, it is important to decide whether it will be possible to perform some work on your own, or whether it is better to involve specialists in order to guarantee the expected result. Residents of Moscow and the Moscow region can contact the StroyMaster company, which will help to perform cosmetic turnkey renovation: price per square meter will depend on the complexity and types of work required.
# 2. We repair the ceiling
Often in kitchens, the ceiling suffers from constant vapors and high humidity, and even a hood is not always able to save the situation. If the ceiling decoration needs restoration, then it is better to start work with it. The furniture can be covered with plastic wrap and then the restoration work can be started. Small and medium-sized cracks in the painted ceiling can be filled with putty, and paint can be applied on top. Almost everyone can handle this, and the cost of such work will not hit the budget hard.
If decent cracks appear on the ceiling, then you can disguise them under dense wallpaper or expanded polystyrene tiles until the overhaul is carried out. Another option is to install a suspended or even stretch ceiling, this is a quick and dust-free process that is best left to professionals.
No. 3. Updating the walls
The complex of works on updating the wall decoration depends on their condition and the budget planned for the repair. For example, worn-out areas on the wallpaper can be hidden under paintings, photographs or vinyl stickers, but it is much better to completely remove the old wallpaper and glue on the new one, especially since it is not difficult. Old coating will be easier to remove if you soak it a little with soapy water. You can make it easier to dismantle the wallpaper if you iron it through a cloth dipped in a solution of soda or hydrogen peroxide. If there are defects on the walls, you will have to carry out plastering work. The primer will be needed in any case, and after it has been applied and dried, you can proceed to wallpapering.
The situation is approximately the same with tiles. If one or more tiles on the wall are chipped or cracked, then you can follow the simplest path and replace only the damaged elements. You will need to clean the seams with a spatula around the perimeter of the damaged tile, and then remove it with a chisel or hammer. The surface is primed, and then new tiles are mounted on the glue: this is why it is so important to buy finishing materials with a margin. If you want to completely renew the furnishings, or the tiles are badly damaged, then it is better to remove them completely and trim the walls with new material. The installation of the tiles, in principle, can be done independently, but if you are not confident in your abilities, then it is better not to risk and not spoil the expensive finishing material, but to immediately involve the masters.
If the paint on the walls has faded noticeably, but there are no noticeable cracks on the surface, then a new layer can be dispensed with. In the presence of cracks and other defects, it is better to remove the paint with a solvent, water-based paint can be removed with a spatula, soaking it with soapy water. For painting, the walls must be carefully leveled: if the defects are small, then putty is suitable, well noticeable and deep – only plaster, and with strong cracks and holes it is easier to level the walls with sheets of drywall (only moisture-resistant ones are chosen for the kitchen). It is better to paint the walls with acrylic, latex and silicone compounds.
Carrying out cosmetic repairs also involves the complete replacement of some finishing materials with others. For example, if the dining area was made with wallpaper, then you can replace them with painting or plaster, highlighting individual elements with decorative stone.
No. 4. We repair the floor
Redecoration involves the restoration of an old floor covering or its complete replacement, but without arranging a concrete screed – the maximum use of self-leveling mixtures to eliminate small differences in height. Ceramic tiles are often used as flooring in kitchens, so darkening of the seams is the most common problem. In this case, you can get off with “little blood”: either mechanical cleaning or a new layer of trowelled putty will help. The best thing, of course, is to completely redo the seams. The old mortar can be cleaned out with a flat screwdriver or putty knife, rubbed over the crevices and use new grout.
If one or more of the floor tiles are damaged, they can be replaced, just like the wall tiles. In cases where the tiles have completely lost their appearance, or you want to completely change the look of the kitchen, using tiles of a different color or even another finishing material, you will have to completely remove the old coating. In this case, the time and material costs will naturally be higher.
It is best to replace damaged linoleum with a new one, because the material is not so expensive. It happens that after shrinkage of a new building, linoleum moves away from the wall. In this case, you can try to save the situation by installing a wider baseboard. In the event of severe deformations, it is better to completely remake the linoleum.
No. 5. We fix the defects of the apron
The kitchen apron takes the brunt of it, because it is on it that splashes of water and fat fly when cooking. If the working wall is finished with tiles, individual damaged tiles can be replaced according to the scheme described above, and if it is decided to completely transform the apron, then pay attention not only to ceramic tiles or mosaics, but also to tempered glass, PVC and MDF panels or artificial stone. A custom-made apron can make the kitchen unique and breathe new life into it: you can use metal, slate paint that is not afraid of water, a mirror and even wine corks or pebbles covered with tempered glass.
No. 6. We update furniture
The best way to update your kitchen is to buy new furniture, but there is an alternative solution – restoring the old one. Kitchen cabinets can be replaced with new ones from the kitchen manufacturer. An even simpler option is to paint them or glue them with PVC film.
It will be much more expensive to completely replace all kitchen furniture, but in some cases this cannot be done without it. A new table with chairs can help bring novelty, and if your plans include replacing old household appliances, then consider the option with a bright refrigerator.
No. 7. Paying attention to batteries and pipes
A heating radiator is not easy to disguise not only in the kitchen, but in all other areas of the apartment. Often it is simply painted in a light shade – this is not the worst solution, but if you think about it, you can find some more interesting options. The battery can be painted in the color of the walls so that it is not striking, or, conversely, you can give it a bright contrasting shade, making it a highlight of the interior.
Another option is to cover the radiator with a screen made of textiles, metal or rattan, taking care of the presence of ventilation holes. The pipes are painted in a color as close as possible to the color of the walls.
No. 8. Lighting and decor – finishing touches
Redecoration does not provide for the replacement of electrical wiring or large-scale intervention in its existing system, but this does not interfere with replacing the chandelier or equipping the creative local lighting of the dining area, which instantly brings comfort and sets a certain mood.
After completing all the work on cosmetic repairs, you can replace textiles: curtains, tablecloths, upholstery of sofas, pillows, napkins – all this plays an important role in the perception of the kitchen space, and therefore the minimum investment is already able to transform the kitchen and refresh it. You can also replace fittings on the facades of furniture, hang some pretty pictures, add all this with flowers or greenery and a few stylish accessories.
As part of a cosmetic repair, you can also replace the faucets and sinks, put a new countertop, replace windows and doors, if necessary. The set of work in each case will be different, but the goal, the transformation of the kitchen, can be achieved only with a competent approach and a sober assessment of your own strengths, so when making a list of works, decide in advance whether it will be possible to carry out some work on your own or if everything is simpler instruct a team of specialists.