To make the interior exclusive and unique, a variety of wall decoration options are used. One of the most interesting options is fabric wall decoration. There are various ways and options to realize its mass, since the fabric can be fastened in different ways, using canvases of different colors and patterns, combined with other materials, resulting in a truly original solution. What should be considered when choosing a fabric for wall decoration and what are the ways to fix it?
# 1. Advantages and disadvantages of fabric wall decoration
The steadily growing popularity of fabric wall decoration is explained by a number of advantages of such a decor:
- aesthetics and excellent appearance with a huge variety of possible colors and patterns – this is the main plus of such a finish;
- additional heat and sound insulation of the room;
- natural fabric is a breathable material, therefore, it will maintain an optimal microclimate of the room;
- in a similar way, you can mask minor flaws in the walls;
- the fabric is elastic, so shrinkage will not be scary;
- no debris when finishing;
- if the fabric is wide, the number of seams will be minimal.
The fabric also has significant disadvantages:
- the material is able to absorb odors, therefore it is better to use such a finish as far from the kitchen as possible;
- the fabric attracts dust, so it will need regular maintenance;
- It is somewhat more difficult to cope with the installation of fabric on its own than wallpaper, although the process cannot be called too complicated.
Modern manufacturers offer fabrics that are processed with special compounds, so I absorb less moisture, do not fade, do not attract dust and can even resist moisture, so the disadvantages of such a finish are gradually minimized.
# 2. What is the best fabric for the walls?
Almost any fabric can be used for wall decoration:
- natural. Jacquard, brocade, linen are often used, less often cotton, silk, satin are used;
- artificial. The most striking example is viscose;
- synthetic: polyester, polyamide, polypropylene.
Of course, synthetic and artificial fabrics behave much better in use, they do not wrinkle, do not accumulate static electricity, do not attract dust as much, almost do not fade, but they are not natural. The best option is blended fabrics, made partly from natural fibers, partly from synthetic, which allows them to perform wonderfully in use and remain breathable.
It is better to purchase a fabric that has undergone a special treatment to be more resistant to sunlight, dust, moisture.
It is better to choose a drawing so that it does not tire and does not irritate the eyes with its variegation. Some fabrics have a foam backing, which gives them improved strength characteristics.
No. 3. Where to use fabric trim?
Given the properties of the fabric, it will not work to call it a universal finish for any room. This material is best used in rooms such as:
Kitchens, hallways, nurseries – all these are rooms where the walls are often dirty, and since cleaning the material is a very difficult and time-consuming process, it is better to refrain from such a decoration option. However, the fabric is often used for wall decoration in restaurants.
No. 4. Fabric fastening methods
Today, several methods of wall decoration with fabric are used. The main ones are:
pasting is the most common option, which is somewhat reminiscent of wallpaper installation, so the area of the room does not decrease. In this case, it is better to use lightweight fabrics (muslin or tulle, for example), so the surface of the walls should be leveled and smooth.
upholstery. This method requires the construction of a frame, therefore, the space of the room will decrease by several centimeters, and additional materials will be required, but the main surface can be practically not prepared for finishing, and the wires can be safely placed behind the fabric;
drapery. In this case, the textiles will resemble the curtains that are familiar to us, only they will not cover the window, but a blank wall or partition. Cornices can be either decorative or hidden. Sometimes instead of hidden curtain rods, adhesive tape is used, which subsequently simplifies the process of washing the fabric. Thus, you can carry out both light draperies and lush multi-tiered ones and even decorate the walls according to the principle of Japanese curtains, so this finishing option is great for any type of interior;
finishing of a part of a wall, niche, creating an applique. In this case, the fabric can be attached using one of the above methods, but only on a part of the wall. Such a decoration looks spectacular over the head of the bed, especially when the same fabric is used both for wall decoration and for curtains. Thus, you can zone the space of the room, emphasize interesting elements, for example, niches.
No. 5. How to pasting walls with fabric?
Of course, the process of installing fabric on the walls is not the easiest and you cannot cope with it alone, but together, with the proper level of accuracy, it is not so difficult to paste over the walls with fabric. The main thing is to follow simple tips:
it is better to choose the widest possible fabric, ideally the width of the roll should be greater than the height of the room – then the finish will be completely seamless. If the width is not enough, then you need to sew several pieces of fabric in advance to get a canvas of the required size;
important attention must be paid to the preparation of the walls: they must be smooth, even and dry;
if the material shrinks slightly, then it is enough to simply iron it, if the shrinkage is strong, then, first of all, it must be wetted, dried and ironed, and only then proceed to stitching the canvases;
glue the finished canvas only along the edges, glue is applied to the wall. It is easier to start from the far left side, the width of the glue strip is about 10 cm. If the fabric is heavy, then it is better to use an additional temporary fastener – wooden slats;
next, glue the upper edge of the fabric and wait until the glue is completely dry, so that you can properly stretch the fabric and glue it first from the right side, and then from the bottom;
it is better to take fabric with a margin, and after installation, the excess parts can simply be cut;
you can start gluing from above, then fasten the fabric on the sides, and then from below.
Air bubbles may form around the edges where the fabric adhered to the wall the next day. In this case, it is enough just to make punctures and iron it with an iron.
After installation and drying of the fabric, the wall can be decorated with baseboards, moldings, baguettes – this is a matter of taste and the chosen interior style.
No. 6. How to upholster the walls with fabric?
Upholstering or even covering the walls with fabric will require the construction of a frame, which can be made of wood, plastic or even rubber strips. Usually wooden planks are used, and the installation process looks like this:
- you need to prepare wooden planks of the required length, 10 mm thick and 50-70 mm wide;
first, all horizontal strips are attached: under the ceiling, above the floor, above door and window openings;
then vertical strips are mounted, starting from the corner in increments of 0.5-0.6 m;
it is necessary to start fixing the smoothed canvas from an angle near the ceiling; for fastening, use a stapler or nails, the distance between which should be at the level of 5-10 cm;
the fabric is stretched with great effort, the verticality of the panel is checked with a plumb line, while it is necessary to ensure that no folds form on the fabric;
the fabric allowances after installation are tucked under the wooden strips with a screwdriver.
Instead of wooden planks, you can use a ready-made polyvinyl chloride profile, thanks to which you can get the most bizarre shapes, although it is quite expensive and is used for attaching polyester.
No. 7. How else can you attach fabric to a wall?
Not so often, but still the method of fastening the fabric with nails is used. In this case, the fabric is simply nailed to the wall – easily and securely. Roofing nails can be used along the edges, and with decorative caps in the center.
Wall drapery with fabric is as simple as possible. In this case, it is enough to glue the tape with loops on the wall, and sew the second part of the tape with hooks to the canvas. Thus, you can get any kind of drapery and the most interesting effects. Moreover, the fabric can be removed and washed at any moment.
No. 8. Wall decoration fabric manufacturers
Of course, no one forbids the use of absolutely any fabric for wall decoration, but to obtain the highest quality result, it is better to use fabrics from the most famous manufacturers, among which it is worth highlighting:
Bekaert Textiles is a Belgian textile manufacturer. Its fabrics for wall decoration require a minimum of maintenance, are distinguished by a dense weave and the presence of a Teflon coating, which makes the surface as resistant to mechanical damage as possible. The manufacturer claims that its fabrics are resistant to high humidity and can even be used in bathrooms. The assortment of drawings and patterns is more than decent;
Creation Baumann – Swiss-made fabrics, which are distinguished by increased strength and a mass of various shades and patterns, there is even a fabric with the effect of a starry sky;
Sangiorgio is a renowned Italian jacquard fabric company. The production has been operating for over 40 years, and all this time the traditions and principles remain unchanged: the highest quality and constant expansion of the range. Wall fabrics are presented in several collections, so finding the most suitable canvas for design is not so difficult;
Lesura – French-made fabrics that are produced on the basis of cotton, polyester and foam or cotton and viscose. The rolls have a width of 2.6-2.95 m, so in the vast majority of rooms, the coating can be installed seamlessly. All fabrics in the assortment have an anti-dust and anti-stain coating, do not fade in the sun, so the company is not afraid to give a guarantee for its products for 10 years. The assortment includes 21 textures and 170 colors;
Clara Lander is a French fabric manufacturer that has been on the market since 1981. Today, its products are used by designers around the world to furnish homes, offices, hotels, restaurants and television studios. The range of colors is impressive: from monochromatic canvases in soothing shades to fabrics that imitate the colors of animal skins. All fabrics of the company have anti-static properties, are waterproof, they are treated with anti-mold and antibacterial compounds. Surface stains are easy to remove, standard and fire retardant products are available. It is better to fasten these fabrics to the wall using a frame;
Bruvatex is a renowned Belgian manufacturer of quality fabrics for wall decoration. Canvases with a width of 2.8 m are made from cotton or from a mixture of cotton and viscose, all fabrics are treated with antistatic and anti-burning compounds, so their service life is quite long. They are attached to the wall on a profile; there are a lot of colors and patterns for every taste. Stains from such a coating are easily removed – the main thing is not to leave them dry.
If you take the fabric from a reliable and reputable manufacturer, then all the disadvantages of wall decoration with fabric can be minimized, enjoying only the numerous advantages.