The hallway in the apartment plays the role of a kind of barrier between the street and the house. It is not uncommon for people to enter this room in dirty wet shoes, leaving marks, so the floor covering must withstand all negative influences. It is desirable that the floor in the hallway be durable, easy to clean, moisture resistant, can withstand shocks, be resistant to household chemicals, and at the same time environmentally friendly and pleasant to look at, because the hallway is the first thing that any guest sees when he gets to your home. Considering all these requirements, it is sometimes difficult to choose the right finish. What materials are most suitable?
# 1. Linoleum
Linoleum has been and remains the most popular material for flooring in the hallway. This is due to its cheapness along with a lot of positive qualities: moisture resistance, strength, ease of care, a huge variety of colors.
Linoleum can be one of the following types:
synthetic linoleum is familiar to each of us, and it is in 99% of cases that they mean it when they talk about linoleum. The main advantage is the widest choice of design, the material can imitate wood, tiles or the seabed, and quite accurately. It is inexpensive, but dents from heavy furniture will remain, as well as black marks from shoes. For a hallway with heavy loads, you can choose semi-commercial or commercial linoleum – such material will last longer than household material;
natural linoleum, or marmoleum. Such a coating in terms of naturalness and environmental friendliness is ahead of synthetic linoleum, as it is made from wood chips, resin, chalk, and linseed oil. The material is durable, has antibacterial and fire-fighting properties, but it costs more than its artificial counterpart, and the process of its installation is more laborious;
piece linoleum, also called vinyl tiles. It has all the same properties as synthetic linoleum, but with the help of separate squares you can lay out interesting patterns, create a mosaic, and in which case it will not be difficult to replace one damaged element. So, if somewhere the covering is torn or squeezed under the influence of a furniture leg or a heel, then only one square will have to be replaced, and the hallway will again have a neat appearance.
# 2. Ceramic tile
Ceramic tiles are another leader in hallway flooring. The material has gained wide popularity due to a number of advantages that are invaluable in a hallway:
- high strength, wear resistance, moisture resistance, abrasion resistance;
- ease of care, resistance to various detergents;
- environmental friendliness;
- a huge range of colors, patterns and sizes, thanks to which the hallway can be equipped in any style. In addition, tiles can mimic the surface of other materials.
Among the disadvantages of ceramic tiles, it is worth noting only that its surface is cold, but for the hallway this is not such a drawback. A more serious disadvantage is fragility. If a heavy object falls to the floor, there is a high probability that the tile will be damaged.
It is worth noting that not every tile is suitable for the hallway. So, you need to pay attention to the strength, which is determined by classes from I to V. The most durable tiles of the V-th class are used in public premises with a huge traffic of people, and for the hallway material with strength III-IV is perfect. An important indicator will be the resistance of the material to chemical influences: according to this indicator, the tiles are divided into classes A, C and D. AA tiles are the most resistant to chemicals, but at the same time they are quite expensive, and the material of class AC is optimal for the hallway. And one more requirement for tiles in the hallway is the maximum non-slip surface, so it is better to pay attention to products with a matte or corrugated surface.
No. 3. Porcelain stoneware
This material has recently become widespread, and today, according to the totality of indicators, it is considered a unique way of finishing floors. By most of its properties, porcelain stoneware resembles ceramic tiles, but the peculiarities of the manufacturing technology make it possible to obtain an even more durable material that surpasses both tile and even stone in terms of characteristics.
The main advantages of porcelain stoneware are:
- high strength;
- resistance to abrasion, moisture and fire;
- ease of care;
- sufficient assortment. Porcelain stoneware can imitate any other material, have any color and pattern, and the surface can be embossed.
Among the disadvantages are the cold surface and the high price. Porcelain stoneware will serve you faithfully for many years, and any impact in the hallway, whether it be a dog’s paws or dirty shoes after a walk in the rain, will not care about such a coating. On the other hand, some experts express their doubts about the advisability of using such an expensive and so durable material in a residential area. The decision must be made in each specific situation, taking into account individual requirements and preferences.
No. 4. Laminate
Laminate flooring is rarely used, but it is still used to decorate the hallway. This is a multi-layer coating that becomes a budget alternative to parquet, and at the same time can imitate not only any type of wood, but also tiles or stone. Other advantages of laminate flooring include:
ease of installation and maintenance;
- good wear resistance;
- acceptable price.
Naturally, for the hallway it is better to choose a moisture-resistant laminate, as well as provide for reliable waterproofing, treat the joints with moisture-resistant impregnation. Under these conditions, the moisture will be practically harmless to the coating, but it is still better to wipe it off immediately when it hits the floor. For the hallway, laminate of class 31 and 32 is perfect, which will withstand the prevailing loads. If the installation is done correctly, then the laminate will turn into a durable coating. Nevertheless, laminate flooring is advised to be combined with more durable coatings. So, for example, the area near the threshold can be tiled, and laminate can be used in the rest of the hallway.
No. 5. Parquet board
If one person or a small family lives in an apartment without animals and children, then in the hallway you can use less durable materials, which include parquet. This material consists of three layers: the lower two are inexpensive wood, and the upper one is made of valuable species, which determines the appearance of the coating. It is the appearance that is the main advantage of the parquet board; among its other advantages, it is worth noting naturalness, environmental friendliness, many styling options, thanks to which interesting solutions are achieved.
The three-layer structure of the material and the different direction of the fibers of the layers make it possible to increase resistance to moisture and temperature extremes, and the protective coating and a layer of varnish protect the parquet board from negative influences. On the other hand, parquet board is not the cheapest materials, it will need careful maintenance, which will not help if there are scratches from shoes, dirt and sand. You can grind the parquet board several times, after which the coating will not give in to restoration.
Block parquet has similar properties, but consists of solid wood. Hence the higher price, but also the ability to remove the top layer many times to renew the coating and give it a flawless look.
With frequent contact with dirt, both parquet floorings quickly lose their appearance, so they are rarely used in hallways. If the hallway is not the smallest, and you want to create a cozy classic interior using wooden floors, then it will be durable if you combine parquet with tiles near the threshold. Given the variety of these types of coatings, as well as the ability to find tiles that imitate parquet, there should be no difficulties.
No. 6. Carpet
Previously, carpets were used to decorate many apartments, and their place was not only on the floor in the living room and bedroom, but also on the walls and even in the hallway. It is clear that a fleecy carpet and a room such as a hallway are incompatible things, but a carpet is quite suitable. We are talking about an artificial carpet, because the natural one will absorb moisture too well and retain it, deteriorate and wrinkle.
Artificial carpet does not wrinkle, is easy to clean, insects will not live in it. This coating makes the hallway cozy and soft. For this purpose, it is better to choose the most dense carpet, while the height of the pile should be minimal. The best option for a hallway is nylon carpet, but analogs made of polyester, acrylic and polypropylene also perform well. There are several ways to make carpet, but woven carpet is better for the hallway – it is the most reliable, but there is not so much of it on the market. Needle-stitched carpet is inferior in performance, but is also not afraid of dirt and water.
No. 7. “Gold” tiles
A material with a rather curious name appeared quite recently, and so far it is made only in South Korea. The material is unique in all its properties, and all its characteristics are explained by a six-layer structure: it is based on PVC, and on top of it there are layers of crushed natural stone with resin, fiberglass, a layer of wear, the top layer is a protective film.
Among the main advantages of this material it is worth noting:
- wear resistance, which in the country of origin of this finishing material is determined by the number of steps. Thus, the “golden” tile will withstand 10 million steps, which means that the average family can walk on the material 24 hours a day for 10 years;
- resistance to moisture and fire, to household chemicals;
- comfortable to touch and non-slippery surface;
- ease of care;
- the presence of a decent number of design solutions, up to the most accurate imitation of other finishing materials.
The price for such a finishing material is average, and the only drawback is that it is not yet so easy to find it in stores.
No. 8. Self-leveling floor
Self-leveling floor is a great option for any room, incl. and for the living room. The material can have any color and pattern: it can be either plain or with the image of any pattern, imitate a tree, the seabed, etc. In terms of its performance, the self-leveling floor is a real find for the hallway. It is distinguished by such advantages as:
- durability, resistance to moisture, mechanical influences, chemicals;
- ease of care;
In all respects, this is an excellent coating for the hallway, which, despite many negative influences, will remain in its original form after many years. The cost of self-leveling floors is high, all the work should be done by professionals, but such costs are compensated for by performance.
Before choosing a floor covering in the hallway, it is important to clearly define your requirements for it and assess the scale of constant negative influences on it. In addition, it is important that the material fits into the overall style, but a huge modern selection of possible options will allow you to choose the most suitable one. The ability to combine two types of finishing materials expands the possibilities and allows you to make the hallway both functional and cozy.