Today, scientists have already proven the fact that the conditions for the development and upbringing of a child affect him in the future and shape his personality. That is why parents try to create the best possible conditions for their child, equipping the nursery with the best furniture and creating interesting layouts. But at the same time, do not forget about one of the most important parameters of any room – illumination, which affects not only the perception of the environment, but also vision. Lighting in a children’s room requires a careful approach: both a deficit and an overabundance of light affect negatively.
# 1. What factors should be considered?
There is no one-size-fits-all formula by which to calculate how many bulbs to use and where to place them. In each children’s room, the issue is resolved individually, and depends on numerous factors: the size of the room, the number and parameters of the windows, the side of the world that the windows face, the age of the child, the materials used in the decoration, etc.
It is advisable to create a lighting plan at the stage of planning a renovation: it is important to think over not only what furniture will be used, what the walls and floors will be, but also where the main and additional light sources will be located. It is necessary to approach the selection of the brightness of the lamps very carefully: it is necessary to prevent the twilight in the room, but the light should not be too bright, so as not to give unnecessary glare on certain objects in the room. The entire space should be evenly lit: an abrupt transition from light to shadow is unacceptable.
As for the appearance of the lamps, today the choice is so wide that the nursery can be decorated in any style, and the chandeliers and sconces will resemble fairy-tale characters, have the shape of an airplane, a kite, etc.
# 2. Correct organization of natural light
In general, the organization of lighting in a nursery begins with the choice of a room for it. For this purpose, it is recommended to use the lightest room in the apartment so that the child is provided with natural light to the maximum. In a room with sufficient natural light, it will be easier for the baby to wake up, and the atmosphere in such a room will be more pleasant and positive. It is optimal that the windows face south or east.
It is clear that not always apartments have premises that are ideal for organizing a nursery. Then you have to look for ways to regulate the amount of natural light and solve possible problems with the help of lamps. So, if the window openings in the room are too large, and the light turns out to be too bright, then it does not hurt to hang translucent Roman blinds on the window, which will compensate for the excess light. At the same time, it is necessary to provide for more massive blackout curtains, which can become reliable protection from unnecessary light during rest.
The western and northern sides of the house are not very suitable for organizing children’s rooms, but sometimes there is simply no choice. In this case, the design of the window opening should be as transparent as possible. A good solution is to expand the window opening, but, alas, this can only be done in a private house. With an obvious deficit of sunlight, it is necessary to increase the intensity of artificial lighting.
No. 3. Organization of general lighting
General lighting in a children’s room can be equipped with chandeliers, ceiling lamps, spotlights, spots, as well as using such non-trivial ideas as false windows. General lighting should not be bright, but sufficient to provide even light throughout the room. It is better if the stream of light is directed not downward, but upward and was diffused.
If you decide to use a chandelier in the room for general lighting, then pay attention to the options made of frosted glass and closed type. It is better to refuse large massive models:
- firstly, they are not very safe during active children’s games,
- secondly, they clutter up the space, which is not always enough.
An alternative to the usual chandelier is a ceiling lamp: it copes with its tasks perfectly, takes up little space, and at the same time can have an interesting shape, decorating a children’s room. Another option is spot lighting, which is easy to organize if suspended or stretch ceilings are used in the nursery. Spotlights located around the perimeter of the room provide uniform soft light, which is so necessary in a children’s room. Sometimes, using spot lighting, you can zoning a room.
Spots are not bad for children’s rooms – chandeliers that combine several lamps. The direction of light of the latter can be easily changed, organizing uniform general illumination and, if necessary, highlighting certain areas. If the children’s room is very small, then spots can replace several types of lighting at once.
An interesting option for children’s rooms is a luminous window or a false window, which is arranged on the ceiling. It imitates a real window opening, behind which a drawing of a night sky or a day sky with clouds is often made. If the starry sky is a more decorative lighting that needs to be used in combination with other types, then the light from the clear sky will be sufficient to perform well as the main lighting.
No. 4. Work lighting
The child’s desktop, first of all, should be correctly positioned: closer to the window and so that the sun’s rays fall from the front or left. To create a comfortable meeting in the evening, it is necessary to provide a table lamp. It is better if the table lamp has a wide shade that will cover the light source so that the bright rays do not tire the child. The choice of table lamps today is more than wide, so it will be possible to find both a suitable design and a color. For mobile children who can easily drop a table lamp, it is recommended to choose wall lamps.
You can supplement a table lamp with a floor lamp or wall lamp, if a child, for example, likes to do hard work, and he just needs good lighting. When choosing lamps, do not forget to pay attention to the choice of bulbs. The best ones if their power is less than 60 W, so that glare does not form on white sheets during work. Parents should be advised to turn on not only working lighting, but also general lighting during the child’s work at the desk, so that there is no sharp transition from light to shadow.
No. 5. Organization of lighting in the play area and near the bed
It is also necessary to take care of sufficient lighting near the bed so that the student can read before going to bed. For this purpose, a wall sconce or a bedside lamp is suitable. If we are talking about a baby, then you need a dim night light to create soft light if necessary.
The play area should also be decorated with its own lighting. It should be moderately bright, interesting, preferably original in design lamps: in the form of fairy-tale characters, planes, flowers, butterflies, balloons, etc. If the child is already old enough and has his own taste, then it will not be superfluous to ask his opinion about the design of the room and the lighting in it.
No. 6. Organization of decorative lighting
Decorative lighting is necessary to visually correct the space of a room and to give it an interesting effect. With the help of such lighting in the room, you can arrange a real fairy tale, a magical world in which the child will be interesting and comfortable. LED and strip lights can be used as decorative lighting. They can be used to highlight the most interesting elements of the children’s room space.
You can also use decorative lamps with a pleasant soft light. They can have absolutely any shape, shine in different colors, creating a cozy atmosphere as a result. In pursuit of interesting effects, it is important not to overdo it and not overload the nursery with unnecessary details.
No. 7. How to make lighting safe?
Since we are talking about a children’s room, when organizing lighting, it is important to think not only about the external effect, but also about safety for the baby. To make the environment comfortable, the lighting is optimal, and the child is not in danger, you must adhere to the following simple rules:
- it is better to use closed shades: if a light bulb suddenly breaks, nothing will threaten the child’s health;
- all materials for the manufacture of lamps must be safe, while it is better to choose plastic or fabric lampshades, supports for a floor lamp – wooden or metal;
the power of the lamps is selected taking into account the age of the child: the older he is, the brighter the light is needed, but you should not overdo it;
- if the nursery is intended for a very young child, then care must be taken that all lighting priors are out of reach;
wires also should not be in easy accessibility: it is optimal to hide them in boxes;
- all sockets and switches in the room are best covered with plastic covers.
The modern selection of lamps for children’s rooms is so wide that the room can be decorated in absolutely any style. It is important to pay attention not only to the appearance, but also to the functional component, as well as the safety of all lighting fixtures. Many problems can be avoided if you think over the lighting plan in advance and allocate a recreation, games and work area in the room.