When a bathroom renovation is planned, each of us faces the difficult task of choosing finishing materials, incl. and for the floor. Today, there are a lot of options: from traditional tiles to wooden or self-leveling floors. First of all, you need to proceed from functionality, as well as from the conceived design of the bathroom. What materials can be used to decorate the bathroom floor?
It should be noted right away that in difficult bathroom conditions, you can use only those materials that do not slip, are easy to clean, hygienic and have a high level of moisture resistance. At the same time, one should not forget about purely decorative qualities.
# 1. Ceramic tile
Ceramic tiles are the most popular material used today for flooring in the vast majority of bathrooms. Such widespread use is explained by a number of tile advantages:
- the material is absolutely not afraid of moisture and does not absorb it, which means that it does not deform under the constant influence of water, mold will not appear on it;
- hygienic coating and ease of care. Moreover, dust does not collect on the tile, since it does not accumulate an electrostatic charge;
- strength and abrasion resistance. With these qualities, floor tiles are strikingly different from those used for wall decoration;
- anti-slip properties;
- fire resistance, as well as high thermal conductivity, which makes it possible to equip a system of warm floors;
- huge assortment. Modern manufacturers offer tiles of different sizes and colors, with different patterns and ornaments, stylized for other materials, so you can always choose exactly the option that will best meet the design idea.
Among the shortcomings, the fragility of the tile can be noted: if a heavy object is suddenly dropped on the floor, then there is a high probability of damaging the coating, and replacing the tile will require some effort. The tile is considered a cold material, so it will not be very pleasant to walk on it barefoot, but there is a way out – the arrangement of warm floors.
# 2. Linoleum
Many are quite skeptical about the use of linoleum in the bathroom, and there are good arguments for that. But still, if you choose the right material and lay it right, then serious problems should not arise. Another thing is that not everyone succeeds in fulfilling all the conditions for correct installation, hence the sad experience. If you want to create an interesting interior in the bathroom and have a “warm” coating, you will have to take into account a lot of nuances.
Naturally, not every linoleum is suitable for the bathroom. You need to use a thickened moisture-resistant material with a relief surface so that the linoleum does not slip from moisture getting on it. It is better to refuse the substrate so that the linoleum does not push through and does not break under the influence of heavy objects. It is necessary to cut the material so that there are no seams in places of possible water ingress, but it is still better to weld the joints further. It is better to use waterproof glue, and bring the linoleum itself a little on the walls. If you take into account all these nuances, then you can get a reliable and cheap coverage. Otherwise, very soon, under the influence of moisture, the material will begin to mold, and an unpleasant odor will appear in the room.
No. 3. A natural stone
Natural stone is not often used for finishing bathroom floors, because this coating is quite expensive and often slippery. The advantages of a stone floor include:
- chic appearance, which gives the bathroom a special pomp and elitism;
- unpolished porous marble is used most often, since it does not become slippery when exposed to water, unlike other types of natural stones, it is not afraid of thermal and mechanical stress;
- strength and durability.
It is better to trust the choice and purchase of natural stone to a professional, since each slab of material can differ significantly in color and pattern, even within the same batch. It is a specialist who can successfully combine different tiles in such a way as to create a whole harmonious pattern, the most complete in appearance.
The main disadvantage of this type of finish is its high cost. Moreover, if the stone contains blotches of iron, small areas of rust may form. It is better to check the material right away: take a sample from the store and keep it wrapped in a wet cloth for several days.
No. 4. Self-leveling floor
Self-leveling flooring is one of the most modern solutions for bathroom decoration, which can significantly transform the interior and turn it into an underwater world, a corner of a tropical island when it comes to 3D floors. In terms of performance, self-leveling floors are an ideal solution for such premises. Among their main advantages are the following:
- strength, durability, abrasion resistance and easy care. Such a finish will last at least 15 years, and at the same time will not lose its original properties;
- absolute resistance to moisture and various detergents;
- resistance to high temperatures and temperature drops;
- high thermal conductivity, so you can install a warm floor system;
- excellent anti-static characteristics;
- solidity, which affects both the appearance and strength, because there is simply no way for water to penetrate under the coating;
- high decorativeness when it comes to 3D floors. The floor may not have any color or pattern, you can apply any image on it that will look as realistic as possible.
But with all the advantages, it is worth noting some of the features of the self-leveling floor that must be taken into account when choosing such a coating:
- high price of work;
- the need to properly prepare the base, i.e. perform a concrete screed;
- preparatory work for creating a self-leveling floor can take up to 4 weeks, but the process of creating a coating itself is not so long.
No. 5. Wooden floor
At first glance, it seems that using wood in a room such as a bathroom is generally inappropriate. But if you look into this issue, you can come to the conclusion that with careful selection of materials, you can organize a wooden floor in the bathroom and enjoy it for a long time. This option has a lot of undeniable advantages:
- it is a warm coating, because wood has a low thermal conductivity. Even without the underfloor heating system, it will be comfortable to step on the bathroom floor;
- environmental friendliness;
- a pleasant appearance that brings warmth and coziness to the bathroom, makes it original.
There are also disadvantages.
- Firstly, wood is a rather expensive finishing material, so finishing the floor in this way can cost a pretty penny.
- Secondly, the fact that wood can absorb moisture and deform cannot be disregarded. To avoid this, it is necessary to choose the most moisture-resistant wood species, which, by the way, were previously used in shipbuilding, and also to apply protective coatings for wood.
Teak wood is excellent. It has been used by shipbuilders for hundreds of years. Due to its dense fiber structure, the material becomes moisture-proof and accumulates heat. In addition, teak has excellent wear-resistant properties and is resistant to chemicals. The roughness of this type of wood makes the floor non-slip.
Today, thermal wood is also often used to decorate the coating in the bathroom. Such material is obtained by processing wood with steam at a high temperature, up to 2500C, provided there is no oxygen. At the same time, moisture resistance increases significantly, the risk of deformations, the development of fungus or mold decreases.
Additionally, it is better to treat the wood with moisture-resistant compounds, and cover the finished floor with several layers of special yacht varnish.
№6. Waterproof laminate
Laminate, like wood, not everyone decides to use in their bathroom. But if you look at the issue, waterproof laminate is not the worst flooring for a bathroom. It is made under strong pressure, the material is well pressed, and the water absorption coefficient is no more than 12%. From above, such a laminate is covered with a moisture-proof layer, and all end parts are treated with wax.
This solution has a lot of advantages:
- strength and resistance of the coating to mechanical damage;
- ease of installation;
- warm surface of the material, so it will be comfortable to leave the shower or bath;
- excellent appearance;
- waterproof laminate manufacturers usually promise 15 years of material durability.
And yet, even a waterproof laminate cannot compete with ceramic tiles or self-leveling floors in terms of resistance to moisture. Water can enter the gap and accumulate in voids, so it is better to wipe all puddles and drops from the floor immediately after they hit.
No. 7. Vinyl floor
Another good finishing material that performs well in the bathroom. This coating consists of individual multi-layer tiles, or can be sold in a roll. The composition includes vinyl, resin, plasticizers and stabilizers; quartz can be used in some types of coating. Such material has been used for a long time, but if in Soviet times its appearance and quality left much to be desired, today these are reliable and pretty products that allow you to transform the interior of the bathroom.
Vinyl boards consist of several layers, one of which is decorative. With it, you can simulate any surface. From above, the material is covered with two protective layers that prevent abrasion. Depending on the level of wear resistance, vinyl tiles are divided into classes: it is better to choose the most durable material for the bathroom.
Among the main advantages of this coating option it is worth noting:
- high strength. Even a heavy and sharp object that falls on the floor is not capable of damaging the material;
- moisture resistance. The material absolutely does not absorb moisture and does not deteriorate if water accumulates on its surface, but it is better to prevent moisture from entering the seams. That is why it is recommended to either carefully seal them up, or generally choose a roll, not a tile material;
- ease of installation and maintenance;
- walking on such a surface is very comfortable, because the material is warm and pleasant to the touch. In addition, it does not slip, which increases your safety;
- a huge variety of possible colors and textures. Such material can imitate almost any surface: from wood to pebbles, which becomes an advantage when creating an original interior;
- excellent heat and sound insulation;
But even such an ideal, at first glance, coating is not without its drawbacks:
- not environmentally friendly, because the material is made of completely synthetic materials. When burning, the coating emits toxic substances;
- if the material was used in rolls, then it will be difficult to repair the damage – you will have to redo the entire floor. With vinyl tiles, everything is easier – replacing one element is easy.
As you can see, there are plenty of possible options for organizing the bathroom floor. Today there are several decent alternatives to traditional tiled flooring to create a stylish and practical bathroom. When choosing, pay attention, first of all, to the performance of the material, to ease of maintenance, and only then to decorativeness.