Apartments or houses from developers with kitchens without a window are very rare. And if we take into account that, according to all standards, a room in which there is access to gas must have a window opening, we can conclude that its absence is the result of redevelopment. Often this feature is found in studio apartments, where a small isolated space was given for the working area. This also happens in cases when it was decided to re-equip the premises allocated according to the plan as a kitchen, as a residential one, and transfer all communications to the nearest adjacent room, that is, a corridor. Or when the working area was isolated into an equipped niche, thereby hiding its presence, for example, in the kitchen-living room. Be that as it may, and in order to further equip such a room with comfort, you need to apply all possible design tricks. In this article, we have collected for you 6 of the most important tips for designing a kitchen without a window.
A little about the norms
If at the moment you are just thinking about “sacrificing” the kitchen area and the window opening, including in favor of another room, pay attention to some of the SNIP requirements:
- The kitchen space must have a source of natural light;
- If the kitchen is gasified, then according to the rules, it must have a window and a door;
- And also be well ventilated.
Otherwise, after redevelopment and registration of a new technical passport for housing, such a room may be considered dangerous from the point of view of operation and force you to return everything to its place. However, any laws have loopholes that you just need to use wisely:
- Instead of ordinary blind doors, you can install a glass partition, which will simultaneously perform two functions – to separate the kitchen from the adjacent room and not interfere with the penetration of natural light from the adjacent room;
- If the kitchen is divided in half, then sliding doors can be used, which, if necessary, will easily provide both light and fresh air access;
- The arched opening instead of the usual one will not only provide air circulation, but also visually make the isolated space more spacious. This technique can be used if there is no strict need to separate the kitchen from the adjacent room, for example, if you rarely do cooking.
The biggest problem in rooms without window openings is the lack of sufficient light. Therefore, the organization of the lighting system must be given special attention. Designers recommend:
- Choose versatile and multi-level lighting;
- Optimum will be a neutral light spectrum that is as close as possible to natural sunlight. Eyes will quickly get tired of cold light, and its ability to distort the perception of certain shades in this case can have a negative effect;
- Preference should be given not to one chandelier or ceiling lamp in the center of the room, but to several point elements. Thus, you can achieve an even distribution of light throughout the room and the absence of dark corners. The luminaires can be placed either in one row in the middle or diagonally or in two rows – one as close as possible to the kitchen set to illuminate the countertop, the second closer to the opposite wall. You can also place the luminaires in the center of the ceiling, but in a checkerboard pattern or alternating large dots with smaller ones. The play of light and the beauty of decoration in such a closed room plays a very important role;
- In addition to the main light, be sure to consider a way to illuminate the work area. It can be implemented using a diode tape, and in the case of using a room with constant changes in temperature and humidity indicators, it is better to use duralight, which has reliable insulation and can be connected directly to the network. It can also be special flat and long LED lamps in a protective case or medium-sized moisture-resistant spotlights mounted directly into the bottom wall of wall cabinets. It is better to immediately warn furniture manufacturers about such a desire, who can make a double bottom, which will allow you to imperceptibly drown the lamp body;
- It is also better to choose a hood model with a backlight function;
- If the work apron is skinny, also do not refuse to have a backlight.
In general, everything that can serve as a source of additional lighting should be used without fail.
Lack of proper ventilation can also be a serious problem. After all, then there is a high probability that the whole apartment will be “saturated” with characteristic odors.
In addition to the fact that it is necessary to correctly design the ventilation duct, which would provide powerful traction, it is also necessary to organize a forced ventilation system. In other words, select a hood with sufficient power. It is very easy to do this:
- The hood performance is characterized by its power. That is, a value that shows how much room it is designed for. To calculate the volume of your kitchen, you need to multiply its area by the height;
- Multiply the resulting figure by 12, then multiply the product by a factor of 1.5;
- Calculate in meters at what distance the hood will be located from the duct and add another 10% of the number obtained in the previous paragraph for each meter;
- Add another 20% in reserve. This will be the optimal value of the hood power for your room.
A small fan can be used to circulate air around the room while you are actively cooking. With the hood turned on at the same time, they can fairly quickly neutralize all odors.
A restriction on the choice of certain pieces of furniture is imposed not only by the fact that the space is closed and can put pressure on a person, but also by the size of the room.
Our main goal is not to aggravate.
- If the room really differs in a small area, then it is better to be guided by the rule, the smaller the better. Furniture items should not be bulky and deep. Choose not standard-width countertops, but narrower ones. Accordingly, all cabinets will take up less space. If possible, give up wall cabinets. It is better to replace them with wall shelves, but then the kitchen should always be in perfect order, and the items placed on the shelves should be beautiful and tastefully selected in accordance with the interior. Otherwise, the feeling of chaos will be created. It is better to make a typeface in a straight form;
- If there is enough space, you can choose U-shaped or L-shaped headsets. In this case, the choice of furniture is limited only by your preferences;
- Remember that glossy surfaces can reflect light. But don’t overdo it. A glossy ceiling in combination with a glossy surface of the kitchen unit will look too much. Choose one thing.
In this case, the choice will entirely depend on how well you organized the lighting system and how spacious the room is.
Small rooms only require light shades. They should prevail both in the decoration and in the colors of furniture items;
- You can diversify the setting and add contrast or mood with the help of small color accents. It can be a beautiful set of cups on a stand, chair upholstery, bright table top;
- Dark colors should be avoided as they absorb light;
- If you want variety and colors, you can even use red, but in a muted, pastel design;
- In no case do not make a colored ceiling, it will crush and depress in a confined space.
A kitchen without a window does not have to be one. There are a couple of tricks that will help you avoid discomfort and diversify the interior: