We clearly recognize the value of any thing when we lose it. Try to walk around the area near the house at night, without using any kind of artificial lighting, and at the same time not stumbling or falling. It will immediately become clear to you how important it is to think over a competent outdoor lighting scheme and choose a street lamp. If you approach the issue wisely, then lanterns, spotlights and lamps will become not only a functional part of the site, but also its decoration, and in the evening they will allow you to create an atmosphere of fairy tale and magic outside the house, highlighting the facade, trees, garden paths, ponds and other landscape elements design.
Types of street lamps
A street luminaire will be constantly exposed to negative environmental factors, therefore it must easily withstand temperature extremes, extreme heat and cold, precipitation, wind with dust, icing and other influences. Based on these considerations, you should not use interior lamps for outdoor use, even if you plan to place such a product under a canopy. Fortunately, the choice of street lamps is extensive. To navigate the range and understand how outdoor lighting can be organized, we suggest dividing street lamps into the following types:
ground lanterns are distinguished by the presence of a column, the height of which can vary depending on the targets pursued. Lanterns on a high pole are used to illuminate the area in front of the house, drive into the courtyard, parking area, garden paths and other areas where it is important to get high-quality lighting at night. Lanterns on a low pillar (up to 1 m) perform rather a decorative function, but they can illuminate garden paths quite well. Generally, the power of ground lights is higher than that of other types of street lights;
pendant and ceiling luminaires are equipped with a suspension, with which they are attached to the ceiling or other horizontal surface. Perfect for lighting porches, gazebos, terraces, can be used as basic or decorative lighting;
wall lamps do an excellent job of local lighting near the front door, on the veranda, in the gazebo;
facade luminaires are mainly used for decorative purposes to highlight the architectural features of the house. Attached to the wall, can be rotary or stationary, directed from top to bottom or bottom to top;
spotlights allow you to selectively illuminate a specific area. The light of a spotlight can be directed towards the house, using it as an architectural lighting. With its help, you can highlight the entrance to the house, trees or other elements that you want to pay attention to;
recessed luminaires are used for decorative purposes, provide local pleasant light. They can be built into tiles, steps, walls, stones and other elements of the site. As a result, a beautiful play of light and shadows is achieved, and the house and the area in front of it become even more interesting in the evening than in the daytime;
ground lamps are inserted into the soil, used exclusively for decorative purposes, give a rather weak light, but can cope with the illumination of garden paths. Available in a huge variety of shapes, solar powered products are common;
floating lamps are characterized by maximum protection against water and are used to decorate artificial reservoirs.
Online store “Sklad 220” offer
In a wide range street lamps for a country house presented in the online store “Warehouse 220”. Moreover, new fixtures are added every day, promotions and sales are held. The company cooperates directly with manufacturers, therefore it offers minimum prices for all goods. Upon expiration of the manufacturer’s warranty, the store’s warranty for a period of 12 months begins.
It is not at all necessary to dwell on one type of lamps – you can and even need to combine different types of light sources in order to properly illuminate all areas of the site and create a pleasant lighting design.
Dust and moisture protection
A street lamp should easily withstand any precipitation and strong gusts of wind with dust particles, therefore, when buying, be sure to pay attention to the degree of protection against dust and moisture. This characteristic will be indicated by the letters IP, followed by two numbers: the first indicates protection against solid particles, the second indicates protection against moisture, where 0 is no protection, and 6 (for moisture – 8) is the maximum level of resistance.
To illuminate a house, a suburban area, a summer residence or a cottage, it is better to take lamps with a protection level of at least IP44, and better – even more protected, up to IP68. If the product will be installed in the immediate vicinity of a reservoir or will be in constant contact with water, then you only need to take an IPx8 lamp. If lighting is installed in a gazebo, on a veranda and other covered areas of the street, then you can take a lamp with protection according to the IP22 standard.
In most cases, the basis of any lamp is metal. As practice has shown, the best option is lamps with a stainless steel body. It is a durable, reliable and wear-resistant material that perfectly resists precipitation and temperature extremes, therefore it can serve for at least ten years.
Less often, lamps are based on silumin, an alloy of aluminum and silicon. The material is not afraid of corrosion, it is more plastic, therefore it is easier to form lamps of bizarre shapes from it, and it is lighter than steel. Polymers are rarely used as the main material for the production of lamps, but when it comes to small decorative items, they can easily be made from various types of plastics – the main thing is that the material can withstand the temperatures typical for your region.
Lamps made of stone are made to order – these are timeless and rather expensive products that will become not just a functional detail, but also a real decor of the site.
Another integral part of a street lamp is a glass insert, although some models do just fine without it. Glass can have a different degree of transparency, it can be smooth or embossed, painted in a certain shade – the option is chosen taking into account the functional purpose and compatibility with the design of the facade of the house or plot.
Lamp type and wattage
Now we are in the era of LED lighting, but despite this, other types of lamps are actively used. The following lamps are usually used in street lamps:
Incandescent lamps are already a relic of the past, they are actively being fought against at the legislative level, but manufacturers and consumers bypass the bans and continue to use “Ilyich’s bulbs”. The main reason is the low cost, and many people like the light from them. The main disadvantage is low durability, and if the light bulb above the porch can be changed often, then if there are several high lanterns on the site, the constant replacement of lamps will become problematic;
halogen lamps are an improved version of incandescent lamps. Due to the presence of halogen in the bulb, it is possible to extend the lamp life 2-3 times, while maintaining a pleasant warm light. Halogen lamps are inexpensive and may well be used on the site, and if you equip lighting devices with motion sensors, it will be possible to significantly extend the life of each lamp;
fluorescent lamps are many times more durable than incandescent lamps, they use much less electricity, they can give light of any temperature, but it is not always justified to use them outdoors, as there may be problems with switching on in the cold. In addition, fluorescent lamps are sensitive to voltage surges, and suburban areas often have a similar problem. Lamp life can be reduced from frequent starts, so the idea of saving money and installing motion sensors can turn into a failure. We add here the problems with disposal, the need to wait 30-40 seconds for the lamp to light up, flickering and a complex wiring diagram to understand that this is not the best option for street lighting;
LED lamps last a long time (20-50 thousand hours), 6-9 times more durable than incandescent lamps, do not flicker, do not require special disposal, they are not affected by power surges, the number of starts, they do not need time to flare up, they are durable , are easy to install and give a pleasant light, the temperature of which can vary. The main disadvantage is the price, but it will take a long time to change lamps in tall lamps throughout the site.
We would like to highlight LED lamps. These are independent devices, in which a board with LEDs is mounted, they are placed at a height of 4-11 m.
other types of lamps are used less frequently. Mercury and metal halide lamps, for example, are suitable for lighting large areas; sodium lamps cannot withstand changes in temperature and humidity. Induction and xenon lamps can be used, but they are not used as often.
As for the power, we are all used to focusing on incandescent lamps, perfectly imagining how a 40 W lamp or a 100 W lamp shines. It is better to rely not on power, but on the luminous flux. Thus, a 40 W incandescent lamp gives a luminous flux of 470-500 lm. A 4-5 W LED lamp will give about the same light flux. To make it more convenient, manufacturers of energy-saving lamps always indicate the equivalent luminous flux from an incandescent lamp. All lighting recommendations are based on the same equivalent. It is better to illuminate the suburban area with lamps with a power of 50-120 W, bulbs with a power of 20-45 W will do for local lighting, and for decorative lighting, the power can be no more than 20 W.
Manually turning on and off street lights all the time is not for the faint of heart. Yes, a single light bulb above the porch can be turned on and off personally, but what to do if a whole lighting system with a dozen or more lamps is built on the site? It is necessary to somehow automate the process of turning on / off the lighting, and the following devices will help to do this:
A photo relay allows you to determine the onset of twilight and turn on the lighting. With the onset of dawn, the lights themselves will go out. The relay itself is installed in the electrical panel, and the sensor is installed in any place convenient on the site;
The astronomical relay is based not on information about the level of illumination, but on the data on the geographical coordinates of the area, which are entered manually. The microprocessor calculates the time of sunset and sunrise on a specific day of the year and gives commands to turn on or off the light;
a temporary relay requires turning on the lamps manually (this can be one lever for all bulbs), but they will turn off independently after a predetermined period of time;
the motion sensor will give a command to turn on only after movement is detected in a certain radius. Works well with a photo relay. Depending on the model, the motion sensor can be configured in different ways, setting the response radius, time of day at which it will be active, etc.
Also noteworthy are solar-powered luminaires that do not consume electricity, but can also be equipped with light sensors to turn on on their own as dusk falls.