In the 21st century in a civilized country, everyone knows what a bidet is. This is not surprising, because it first appeared at the end of the 17th century in France. The bidet owes its name to its original configuration. It was a small narrow bath with small legs, on which it was necessary to sit on top and take water procedures, so it was called “bidet”, which means “little horse” in French. With the advent of sewage, the bath moved from the bedroom to the toilet, and acquired the configuration to which we are accustomed. It remains only to figure out how to choose a bidet, because these products may differ in size, material of execution and other characteristics.
Not everyone thinks about the need to have a bidet in their bathroom. Most people prefer to use a standard set of plumbing: toilet, sink, bath or shower. Often they refuse a bidet due to the fact that they do not even understand how to use it, and the dimensions of the apartment do not always allow installing an additional item in the bathroom. However, some, on the contrary, buy a bidet in order to emphasize their status, although they do not use it at all for its intended purpose.
In any case, a bidet is a very useful thing, moreover, universal. In addition to being used for its intended purpose (to maintain the cleanliness of the intimate area after visiting the toilet), it is used by:
people with disabilities, since it is physically easier for them to take water procedures with the help of a bidet than to use a bath or shower;
people with hemorrhoids, since maintaining the cleanliness of the intimate area is necessary, and the paper injures the affected areas, causing pain and inconvenience;
- for bathing, washing or washing the hands of young children, of course, in this case, the plumbing must be sterile;
- for washing your feet.
If you are one of those people who care about the health of the family and want personal hygiene to be comfortable and effective, we will help you make the right choice and understand all the variety of bidets presented by manufacturers on the plumbing market.
What is a bidet?
The appearance of the bidet is very similar to the toilet. Therefore, it is recommended to buy these two plumbing units together in order to keep the same style. However, at present, the range of plumbing is so wide that if you already have a toilet and you need to buy a bidet separately, then there will be no problems with choosing the right model.
However, despite its similarity to the toilet, the bidet performs different functions and has its own design features:
More expensive bidet options are equipped with additional equipment:
thermostat – for automatic regulation of the water temperature;
Some models are designed in such a way that the water jet is supplied from the hole located in the center of the bowl.
In most cases, a cover and a seat are missing from a bidet. In rare cases, you can find the presence of a cover, but it plays an exclusively decorative role. The seat is missing due to the fact that the bidet is washed with warm water, thanks to this, the structure is warm and pleasant to the touch. Therefore, using the seat is not advisable.
Separately, I would like to dwell on the drain system. In a bidet, the drain is similar to a conventional washbasin. The holes are automatically closed by the corresponding plugs, and the opening and closing of the drain takes place due to the levers located near the mixer. Modern bidets are equipped with a flood protection system and in the event of a blockage, you do not have to worry about water spilling over the edge. Some models have a pipe installed instead of a ceramic drain.
The bidet mixer has its own design features. In order to regulate the direction of the water jet, there is a so-called perlator at the very edge of the ball fold. This device provides the convenience of using the bidet.
The water temperature can be adjusted either manually, or by installing an electronic mixer that automatically supplies water to the desired temperature.
There is such a device as a thermostatic battery, it allows you to maintain an optimal set temperature in the system. Sold and installed separately from the bidet. A very handy gadget if you want to make your life easier.
Types and sizes of bidets
The bidet takes up a lot of space. If you have a small bathroom and every centimeter of the area counts, you need to know exactly the parameters of the plumbing that you plan to install. In order to determine the dimensions, you need to figure out what kind of bidets exist. All types can be divided into two categories:
floor-standing (output pipe wiring is visible);
suspended (the output wiring of pipes is built into the wall);
pushed against the wall (piping is built into the body).
Floor standing bidet
Floor-standing bidets inspire more consumer confidence than wall-mounted bidets. They are believed to be safer and more familiar. Although this is a misconception, the performance of a wall-hung bidet is in no way inferior to a floor-standing bidet, but there is much more demand for a floor-standing bidet.
When buying a floor-standing bidet, make sure that the direction of the outlet pipe is in the same direction as the apartment drain. Otherwise, the installation of the bidet will be very complicated, to the point that it will not work at all. If everything is in order, the bidet installation will be the same as the toilet installation, and the faucet connection is similar to the sink installation. In order for the floor-standing bidet to be stable, it must be fixed to the floor.
The dimensions of a floor-standing bidet may vary slightly depending on the chosen model and manufacturer, but on average, you can focus on the following parameters:
height – 400 mm;
depth – 520-560 mm;
width – 330-400 mm.
Many people follow fashion trends, follow innovations and replace the usual floor plumbing fixtures with hanging ones. However, for some, especially overweight people, a psychological block is triggered. It seems to them that suspended plumbing cannot support a lot of weight, so they opt for a floor one. But the technical characteristics of the suspended plumbing show that it is capable of withstanding a weight of up to 400 kg. Suspended plumbing has some advantages over floor-standing:
- Simplification of wet cleaning.
- Facilitating the process of replacing the floor covering during repairs.
- There is no accumulation of water and dirt at the base of the plumbing.
- Compact dimensions.
- Stylish design.
- Visually, plumbing is lighter and not cumbersome.
With all the advantages of a wall-hung bidet, it should be noted that the installation of such a plumbing element requires much larger financial investments than floor structures. A wall-hung bidet, like a toilet, is attached to a metal frame, which is then closed by a decorative wall, which leads to additional costs. In addition, the mixer for a wall-hung bidet comes separately, as opposed to a floor-standing one, and also requires investments.
When choosing a mixer, remember that the number of mixer holes on a wall-hung bidet depends on the model and may vary. Therefore, it should be selected strictly according to the number and location of holes on the plumbing shelf!
As for the size of the wall-hung bidet, they do not differ much from the floor-standing ones. Their main parameters are the same. However, the installation takes up additional space and has the following parameters:
depth – 131 mm;
height – 820 mm;
width – 500 mm.
Naturally, the models may differ, so before making a purchase, you need to clarify the parameters.
If the scale of your bathroom does not allow you to install a toilet and a bidet, various modern modifications will help to solve this issue.
This device acts as a toilet and bidet, saving space in your room. Nevertheless, the parameters of the shower toilet are larger than the dimensions of a conventional toilet, and the cost is much higher.
If a shower toilet is very expensive for you, and the dimensions of the bathroom do not allow you to put a bidet, then a bidet cover can be an alternative. It looks like a regular toilet seat, but it is equipped with a water supply system and a mixer. Today, electronic bidet covers have become very popular.
These are more expensive models, as they have additional functions: automatic water and seat heating, hairdryer, smooth lifting and lowering of the lid, hydromassage, lighting, air purification and automation, etc. The installation of electronic covers is complicated by the additionally required electrical connection. The cost depends on the number of functions.
Hygienic toilet shower
If you have very little space and a small budget, a hygienic toilet shower can be a great option. It is installed on the wall, not far from the toilet. The flow rate and water temperature are controlled by a mixer, which is located either on the sink or separately. The shower itself can be built into the wall. Perhaps there is a thermostat to maintain the water temperature. With such a device, hygiene procedures will become much more pleasant, more accessible and will save you time.
The classic materials for making a bidet are porcelain and sanitary ware, but there are also more interesting examples:
Porcelain is fired white clay. For strength, quartz and feldspar are added to the composition. The top is covered with glaze. Porcelain products are very similar in appearance to earthenware, but due to the fact that the material is less porous and hygroscopic, its service life increases, moreover, such a product is easier to clean. Therefore, the price of porcelain bidets is higher than faience.
Faience. Just like porcelain, this material consists of white clay, though of a different kind. With the addition of the same components, it is fired and covered with a layer of glaze, which ensures its hygiene. However, the proportionality of the components of earthenware and glaze differ in the same way as the firing technology. The glaze protects the faience from moisture. Since faience absorbs moisture, odors and dirt well, as soon as the glaze begins to wear off, faience gradually deteriorates and it becomes more difficult to care for it. Such products are inexpensive, but their service life does not exceed 15-20 years.
Artificial and natural stone. Quite common material. Natural stone is a very durable material and looks great. Artificial – has the same characteristics, but it costs much less, and the weight is much less.
Metal. A very rare material for making bidets. It is cold to the touch, water ingress causes a lot of noise, very expensive. Metal bidets are installed only in those rare cases when the design of the room is dictated by an exclusive bathroom.
Glass bidet. It is very difficult to install, very expensive. It is also installed in exceptional cases when the interior design of the bathroom requires it.
There are a lot of bidet manufacturers. You can’t list all of them. Before making a purchase, it is better to make inquiries and read reviews on the net. We will only introduce you to manufacturers who have proven themselves in the sanitary ware market and whose products inspire confidence:
Geberit (Switzerland). It produces mainly porcelain bidets and bidet toilets. Has a number of luxury products. The products of this company have established themselves as durable and functional. 10 year warranty.
Roca (Spain). Huge selection of versatile bidets. From the most expensive to budget options, with excellent quality of both. You can choose high-quality plumbing by any parameter.
Vitra (Turkey). Price – quality balanced. Wide range of models. 5-7 years warranty.
Laufen (Switzerland). A wide range of products, reasonable prices.
Sanita (Russia). A wide model line, constantly expanding and adding an assortment. The quality is high. Due to the location, prices are lower than those of European and Asian companies.
Cersanit (Poland). High quality, reasonable prices. It is widely represented in the Russian market.
Izumi (Japan). Naturally, a wide range of bidet covers. A highly versatile product. Equipped with water filters and adapted to domestic operating conditions.
Jacob Delafon (France). High quality, functionality. The peculiarity of this company is in the variety of unusual shapes of products. Manufacturing material – porcelain, always with an antibacterial coating. The prices are high.
Ideal Standart (Germany). Financial products, but high quality. They claim from a service life of 45 – 50 years. The warranty period is 7 years.
Currently, plumbing manufacturers place great emphasis on the appearance of the bidet. When choosing plumbing, stick to the parameters that are right for you. Indeed, in the presented huge assortment, you can easily get lost and buy something completely wrong.