Veneered doors are made from natural wood material. It consists of a timber frame and MDF sheeting, which is veneered. The final coat is usually a high quality water repellent varnish. Due to the lower cost of construction in comparison with solid wood products, such doors have become widespread and used. In addition, the weight of a veneer door is significantly less than a solid wood door. Thus, a longer service life of the door sheds is achieved.
What is veneer?
Veneer is a thin cut of natural wood with a thickness of 0.10 to 2.00 mm. A variety of materials, including more than 80 shades and textures, allows you to satisfy the tastes of any buyer.
Veneer is made from well-known wood species such as birch, oak, alder, walnut, pine, maple, or valuable and exotic species – amaranth, olive, wenge, beech, etc. Now veneer is made from almost all types of trees.
The dried veneer can be treated with a special stain to diversify the colors of patterns and surface structures. The stain consists of a special composition for painting wood products. Differs from conventional paint in softer penetration into the structure of the material and optical properties. At the same time, it retains the natural qualities and appearance of wood. It contains antiseptics and fungicides that prevent mold, mildew and insect infestation. Fire retardant properties of wood are given by flame retardant additives.
General care instructions
The well-known rule of ideal cleanliness is its maintenance. You don’t need to wash the door every day. It is enough to wipe the surface once a week with a damp soft sponge, microfiber or soft cloth using plain water. Wipes for the care of upholstered furniture or wooden products are also suitable. Under no circumstances should you use abrasive materials or powders – they can leave scratches.
Periodically (once a month), the structure should be wiped with wax-based polishes, which form a protective film of the canvas after processing. This will not only improve the aesthetic appearance, exclude dust from entering microcracks (the polish has a dirt-repellent property), but also hide minor scratches and prevent further growth by filling them with wax.
It is not recommended to install veneered doors in direct sunlight. Natural veneer, even covered with a high-quality waterproof varnish on top, tends to fade in the sun and lose its natural or stained color. In such places it is better to install a door made of eco-veneer, which practically does not lend itself to fading.
What products are contraindicated for veneer doors
If you do not want to observe the peeling varnish on the veneer door a day after cleaning, do not use for care:
- Any solvents.
One touch will ruin the appearance of the entire product. A drop of solvent will leave rough funnels, streaks, scuffs or scratches that are conspicuous and thus spoil the entire interior. Bleach and alcohol will leave white spots on the surface. It is almost impossible to erase these marks.
Do not expose doors to prolonged contact with water. You should also be careful when cleaning floors in order to avoid excessive ingress of water or detergents on the lower sash and box. After wet cleaning, wipe off the remaining water immediately with a dry cloth. Eco-veneer perfectly tolerates frequent wet cleaning using any type of detergent.
Veneer products lend themselves to deformation under constant exposure to elevated temperatures. This suggests that heating or heating devices should be installed at a distance of at least one meter from the door.
Removing greasy stains
Correct and timely maintenance will help to extend the service life of veneered doors. Therefore, try to remove the resulting marks of greasy hands or other marks in the form of spots in time. If you find stale grease, do not panic about the inability to use chemicals that are dangerous for this type of coating. It is enough to wipe the mark with your own hand prepared solution of ordinary laundry soap and water in a ratio of 1:10.
Potatoes can also help. With a raw tuber, cut in half, gently rub the soiled area. After complete drying, the resulting starch can be easily removed with a dry cloth and will not leave any traces of itself, removing small pieces of dirt.
Light veneer care features
Light-colored veneer has recently become quite widespread. This is due not only to the fact that light-colored products fit perfectly into the interior, but also to simplicity and ease of household care. Why? The surface of such a coating visually hides microcracks and dust. Only this does not mean that you should not take care of such a door at all. It must also be thoroughly wiped with a damp cloth.
But to remove dirt that have become outdated, such a recipe for home polish is suitable: take three teaspoons of granular wax, after melting it, mix with 150 ml of soybean oil. Stir the mixture until smooth. The polish is ready to use! Apply a small amount of this product to the contaminated area and rub gently until clean. Such manipulations are able to give shine to a tarnished varnish coating, and to wipe off greasy stains around the door handle.
Dark veneer care features
In contrast to the popular belief that dark surfaces are less prone to contamination, operating practice shows the opposite. Moreover, oily stains are clearly visible on a dark surface. But this is not a problem either. 4 teaspoons of soybean oil, 1 teaspoon of turpentine, 1 teaspoon of lanolin, 1/2 teaspoon of wax granules (pre-melted) – homemade polish recipe for a dark veneer door. The thoroughly mixed ingredients should be rubbed into greasy areas with a soft cloth. More diligently required to process the existing mortise panels.
How to hide scratches?
An excellent solution for masking small scratches or chips that have arisen is the invention of a wax pencil. The main thing is to choose the right color option for your product. A small piece of pencil should be warmed up in your hand until soft, knead it with your fingers and rub the crumb into the scratched area, let the wax dry and wipe off the excess with a dry cloth.
But, keep in mind that overuse of wax crayon is fraught with consequences. If it is necessary to re-varnish the product, a problem will arise: paints and varnishes are very poorly applied to wax.
Caring for door fittings
Do not forget to monitor the quality of the fittings that provide the comfort of your family. Remove dust from the hinges every six months, adjust the height if necessary. So that the door sheds do not fail ahead of time, it is better to immediately put stops that will ensure compliance with the prescribed opening angle.
A doorknob is a place where a huge amount of disease-causing bacteria and germs can accumulate. This is the part that needs to be wiped with an alcohol solution or other antiseptics, disinfecting and removing greasy prints. Only this must be done carefully, not allowing the agent to get on the lacquered veneer door leaf. Loose handles should be tightened in time. Otherwise, they wear out very quickly and cannot be repaired.
In the event of an incident such as a chipped varnish or physical impact on the coating with solvents, the situation can be corrected with varnish. If the damage is small, the varnish in the form of an aerosol will paint over all microcracks and thereby prevent moisture from entering the veneer, which means it will protect the coating from deformation.
In the case of a deep mark on the surface, the door will have to be removed from its hinges, laid on a flat surface and the existing recess should be filled with varnish using a pipette. The size of the emitted drop depends on the size of the defective plane. In this case, it is better to use only colorless varnish. It is difficult even for color specialists to accurately guess the color scheme, so it is better not to risk using colored varnishes. In any case, no matter what color your door is painted, its very color is stored in the veneer, but in no case in the varnish.
To re-paint a veneered door, you need to remove the canvas from the awnings, prepare the surface for painting, eliminating all defects. It is better to paint the entire area with a roller, not with a brush, otherwise stripes will be visible. The brush can only be used on the end sides of the product.
Depending on the need, staining can be done in several layers, only on condition that the previous layer is completely dry. This may take from 2 hours to 2 days, depending on the properties and composition of the coloring material.
The procedure for applying the next layer also needs to be done in different directions in order to avoid the appearance of streaks and gaps on the surface after drying. For example, the first layer is vertical, the second is horizontal. When renewing the varnish, the main thing is not to overdo it – the applied agent should be of a thin layer.
Gluing the canvas
In cases when veneered doors are used in conditions of high humidity, flooded premises, as well as installed in places with sharp temperature changes, or as a result of improper manufacturing, veneer swelling often occurs. But this nuisance can also be eliminated independently. The main thing is to choose the right finish option applicable to the given surface. In this case, there are differences.
- If the veneer door has an unpainted surface, it is easy to remove the air bubble on it. It is advisable to remove the canvas from the sheds, especially if the area of the bulge is large. Soak a wet cloth in plain water, wring it out and place on the bulge for 10-15 minutes. After absorbing moisture, the veneer will become softer. Next, you need to iron the protruding surface with a hot iron by pressing. The soaked veneer, crushed by a hot iron, will automatically take the correct shape.
During ironing, it is necessary to use a spacer between the veneer and the iron, so as not to burn the saved product. It can be an ordinary cotton, non-colored rags. Unfortunately, ironing cannot be applied to an eco-veneer door, the surface of which is covered with a polypropylene film.
If your veneer door is varnished, it is strictly forbidden to use a hot iron. In this case, the gluing method will correct the situation. The initial stage of wetting the veneer with a wet wrung out cloth for 10-15 minutes is also used in this case. Next, with a medical syringe, add PVA glue under the veneer. The swollen area filled with glue must be immediately pressed with a load for 1-2 days.
Bonding is excellent for both natural and artificial veneers.
Top 7 veneer door care products
You can purchase specialized products that will greatly simplify the care of your veneered door. Quite good modern veneer door care products available for sale:
- Wax polish spray WAX POLISH AEROSOL.
- Aerosol Pronto Anti-dust and anti-allergen.
- Furniture polish Mebelux with wax.
- Furniture polish with Toto wax.
- Furniture polish carnauba wax Domo.
- Pencil restorer wax VARATHANE WOOD CARE for furniture.
- Wax stick ZWEIHORN.
- Milk for the care of furniture Barwa Furniture Cream Cleaner.
With proper care, veneer doors will last for decades. Timely service will ensure the durability and reliability of the product, maintain its impeccable appearance, and respect will give the joy of long years of service.